What is a Type 87


The VW Type 87, also Commander's car called, is a version of the KdF-Wagen with all-wheel drive, which was built from 1941 to 1944 by the Volkswagen factory, especially for the Wehrmacht. The Wehrmacht referred to the vehicle as le. gl. car, 4-seater, 4-wheel drive off-road vehicle type 87. The all-wheel drive including the engine was taken over from the type 166 floating car. A total of 564 vehicles were built. In November 1946, the Volkswagen factory built two more commander's cars from remnants.

Table of Contents

Vehicle description and technology

The Type 87 is an all-terrain two-door sedan. It is very similar to the KdF car, from which the body was largely taken over. Since the Type 87 has off-road tires of size 5.25-16, the fenders are wider than those of the KdF car. For this purpose, a metal strip was attached to the inside of the fender; the running boards are also correspondingly wider. In addition to the tank, a 20-liter petrol can is located under the front hood, where the spare wheel is normally located. The spare wheel lies above the 40-liter tank, the filler neck of which has been angled for this purpose. The body is bolted to the chassis. Almost all of the cars had a folding sunroof.

The commander's car has a floor assembly that is very similar to the KdF car, but with a larger central tube to accommodate the drive shaft for the front-wheel drive. The front wheels are individually suspended on two trailing arms at the top and bottom with torsion bar springs (so-called crank arm axle), the rear axle is a portal swing axle guided on trailing arms with a forward position on the outside of the semi-axles. The front axle has special steering knuckles to accommodate the drive shafts. It is steered with a screw spindle steering. The rear differential is self-locking. The drive power is transmitted from the engine via a single-disk dry clutch to a manually shiftable four-speed gearbox, which is extended by an off-road gear. The off-road gear is engaged together with the front-wheel drive via a second shift lever in the middle of the car. With the front-wheel drive switched on, the maximum speed is 10 km / h and the climbing ability is 75 percent. All-wheel drive is not suitable for use on the road because there is no center differential.[1] The engine is an air-cooled four-cylinder, four-stroke boxer gasoline engine with a height of 1131 cm and is installed in the rear3 Displacement and 24.5 HP (18 kW) rated power. The maximum speed is 80 km / h.

Most of the cars delivered to the German Africa Corps had tropical equipment with special protection against dust on the fuel supply, air filter and electrical system. In addition, the tropical equipment also includes special balloon tires in size 200-16 for driving through sand, which are named Kronprinzenräder after the manufacturer.

Technical specifications

Engine type Four-cylinder boxer engine (Otto)
cooling Air cooling by fan
Valve control hanging valves, two per cylinder,
Operated by a central camshaft via bumpers and rocker arms
Mixture preparation Downdraft carburetor Solex 26 VF3
Firing order 1-4-3-2
Bore × stroke 75 mm × 64 mm
Displacement 1131 cm3
rated capacity 24.5 PS (18 kW) at 3000 min−1
maximum torque 6.8 kgf (67 Nm) at 2000 min−1
Power transmission
coupling Single-disc dry clutch Fichtel & Sachs K10
transmission Porsche four-speed gearbox with reverse gear and selectable off-road gear
Power transmission Rear-wheel drive with switchable front-wheel drive and limited slip differentials
landing gear
Front suspension Crank arm axle, torsion bar springs
Rear suspension Portal swing axle, trailing arm, torsion bar springs
steering Spindle steering
Braking system Cable operated internal shoe brakes, acting on all wheels; Handbrake works on all wheels
tires front and back 5.25-16[2] or 200-16
mass and weight
Dimensions (L × W × H) 3830 × 1620 × 1720 mm
Ground clearance 255 mm
wheelbase 2400 mm
Gauge front: 1356 mm
rear: 1360 mm
Turning circle 10 m
Maximum permissible vehicle mass 1240 kg
Maximum payload 450 kg
Other Information
Fuel consumption 8.5 l / 100 km
Oil consumption 0.12 l / 100 km
Tank capacity 40 l + 20 l reserve canister
Top speed 80 km / h
Vehicle battery Lead acid accumulator 6 V, 75 Ah
Starter Bosch EED 0.4 / 6
alternator Bosch REDK 130/6/2600


  • Hans-Georg Mayer: The VW Beetle in the war and in military use afterwards. Volume 114 of the series Weapons arsenal, Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Dorheim 1988, ISBN 3-7909-0357-4. Pp. 30-34
  • Werner Oswald: Motor vehicles and tanks of the Reichswehr, Wehrmacht and Bundeswehr, Motorbuchverlag, Stuttgart 1970, pp. 78, 82

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ http: //www.whq-forum.de/cms/361.0.html
  2. ↑ note 5.25 "= 133 mm nominal width.

Categories:Off-road vehicle | Car model | Volkswagen automobile | Military wheeled vehicle | Wehrmacht wheeled vehicle

Status of information: 02/25/2021 4:11:08 AM CET

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