How did China torture Muslims

China: Crimes Against Humanity in Xinjiang

(San Francisco) - The Chinese government is committing crimes against humanity against Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims in northwestern Xinjiang, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The Chinese leadership is responsible for widespread and systematic policies of mass imprisonment, torture and cultural persecution, as well as other offenses. Coordinated international action is needed to punish those responsible, advance accountability and urge the Chinese government to change course.

The 53-page report “'Break Their Lineage, Break Their Roots': China's Crimes against Humanity Targeting Uyghurs and Other Turkic Muslims” was produced with the support of the Stanford Law School's Human Rights & Conflict Resolution Clinic. It relies on newly available information from Chinese government documents, as well as information from human rights groups, the media and academics, to assess the conduct of the Chinese government in Xinjiang within the international legal framework. The report identifies a number of assaults against Muslims of Turkic origin as part of a widespread and systematic attack on an ethnic group: mass, arbitrary detention, torture, enforced disappearance, mass surveillance, cultural and religious annihilation, separation of families, forced returns to China , Forced labor, and sexual violence and violations of reproductive rights.

"Muslims of Turkish origin are systematically persecuted by the Chinese authorities - their lives, their religion, their culture," said Sophie Richardson, China director at Human Rights Watch. "Beijing may say the government is about 'professional training' and 'deradicalization', but that rhetoric cannot obscure the bitter reality of crimes against humanity."

Crimes against humanity are among the most serious human rights violations under international law. The Chinese government's suppression of Muslims of Turkish origin is not a new phenomenon, but it has reached unprecedented levels in recent years. In addition to mass arrests and far-reaching restrictions on the practice of religion, there is increasing evidence of forced labor, extensive surveillance and the illegal separation of children from their families.

"It is becoming increasingly clear that the policies and practices of the Chinese government against the Turkic Muslim population in Xinjiang meet the criteria for crimes against humanity under international criminal law," said Beth Van Schaack, faculty member of the Stanford Center for Human Rights & International Justice . "The government's failure to stop these crimes, let alone punish those responsible, shows the need for decisive and coordinated international action."

Human Rights Watch and the Stanford Human Rights Clinic called on the United Nations Human Rights Council to pass a resolution to set up a commission of inquiry with the power to investigate allegations of crimes against humanity, identify the officials responsible for the abuses, and carry out an investigation Create a strategy to hold them accountable. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights should also monitor and report on the human rights situation in Xinjiang and keep the Human Rights Council informed on a regular basis.

Concerned governments should impose coordinated visa bans, entry bans and targeted individual sanctions on the authorities responsible for the criminal activity. They should also seek national criminal proceedings based on the principle of “universal jurisdiction”, which allows the prosecution of serious crimes committed abroad. They should also take trade restrictions and other measures to end forced labor in China.

"It is becoming increasingly clear that a coordinated global response is needed to end China's crimes against humanity against Turkic Muslims," ​​said Richardson. "The fact that China is a powerful state makes it all the more important to hold it accountable for its relentless human rights violations."