Is there any evidence of paranormal
ParasciencesTelekinesis put to the test
Shortly before ten o'clock in the morning, almost nothing is going on in the course room A 106 at the Biozentrum of the University of Würzburg. Where otherwise students learn to use the microscope at one of the 10 rows of tables, only a few scientists from the Society for the Scientific Investigation of Parasciences, GWUP for short, are present on this day. The mood is relaxed. It's day two of the psi tests that the GWUP, who call themselves Skeptics, do every year.
Psychic tests at the University of Würzburg
The man who wants to prove his psychic abilities right away is called Marcel Polte. He wants to demonstrate that he can rotate a foil on the tip of a needle simply by the power of his thoughts:
"I discovered this topic, telekinesis, by chance. For example, you can see various people on YouTube who demonstrate telekinesis with a similar experimental set-up. And then I just tried it and after a relatively short time, positive effects were noticeable Indeed, this is something that not only I have. Everyone - researchers have found this out over decades of work - is capable of doing this. "
A lawyer who practices telekinesis
Marcel Polte doesn't look like a man who believes in the supernatural. He is tanned, sporty, has a finely trimmed three-day beard and is a lawyer by profession. As a part-time job he works as a hypnotherapist and emphasizes that he has acquired certificates in physics at the university. To demonstrate his telekinetic skills, the 42-year-old takes a palm-sized cog from his backpack and places a bulbous glass vase on the table.
"Well, I am building my cog to get in, so to speak, which also has very little friction. I'll show you briefly. It is on top, does not react. This is very nice because I like the cog very much. "
Parapsychological experiment with a glass vase
The lawyer paints a point on one of the teeth of the wheel so that any rotations can be clearly seen and puts the vase over it. To ensure that no drafts affect the outcome of the experiment, Rainer Wolf switches off the air conditioning in the room. Then it starts. Marcel Polte collects himself briefly with breathing exercises, then sits down again and brings his left and right hands into position ten centimeters apart - palms inward, fingers slightly spread. He fixes the wheel with his gaze. It is as quiet as a mouse. Half a minute goes by, nothing happens. Another minute goes by, the 42-year-old's hands are now shaking slightly.
"I'll take my hands on it for a moment. I'll let it settle down because I've just practiced it and should therefore start like that."
Marcel Polte puts his hands on the vase that surrounds the wheel. Another 30 seconds, a minute, go by. Then, all of a sudden, the wheel begins to turn very slowly, first jerkily, then evenly. Marcel Polte carefully removes his hands from the glass and continues to stare at the object. When the dot has run in circles twice, he drops his hands and stands up. Break. He is satisfied.
Evidence of telekinesis or cheating?
"That was now two complete rotations. According to Newton's law - that every body, remains at rest or in uniform motion, as long as no external force acts on it - a force must have acted here that maintained this rotation. You can see, now rotates." Personally, I would suspect that this is a kind of resonance between brain activity and the vibration of the respective object. And if you achieve a kind of harmony of the vibration patterns in the brain and the object, then it is possible to have a certain influence on exercise these objects. "
This may sound plausible to scientific laypeople, but not to Rainer Wolf. While the candidate is happy about his success, the researcher inspects the cog under the microscope. He finds out that the wheel is like a top that rests in a recess in the lower part, and that there is a position in which the wheel is exposed to less friction than in another. The other scientists and GWUP members are now researching the name of the wheel on the Internet. Rainer Wolf explains what it is about:
"This is the so-called Egely-Wheel and it reacts to very weak electric fields. That means, if an object approaches that is a little bit electrically charged, the part can be set in rotation. I got my information from the homepage www .psiram.com. There this device is described as a charlatanry product. That means, it works through well-known physical effects. "
He didn't know anything about the charlatan product
Marcel Polte says he didn't know anything about it. And claims to have made the bike turn from a distance of two meters through sheer concentration. But he cannot prove it. After this failed warm-up lap, the previously agreed test now follows. The candidate should turn a rectangular piece of tinfoil on the tip of a needle at least 90 degrees in one direction, this time without putting their hands on the vase. Because, as Rainer Wolf explains, this creates a temperature gradient that results in convection currents that move the paper in a circle.
Marcel Polte sits down again, spreads his hands and takes aim at the silver paper. Half a minute goes by, a minute, two minutes: the marked corner of the paper does not move a millimeter. Some press representatives look at each other meaningfully. Finally Marcel Polte puts his hands on his lap and leans back:
"I don't think that I can do it right away because, as I said, I practiced it differently. That means we have to live with what we have. You can also watch the video recordings again. What I do can also offer to work in a room without air circulation without a cover at any time. And what I have achieved many times at home, I can therefore exclude this warming effect, working from a great distance. "
No scientific proof, no prize money
From Marcel Polte's point of view, his attempt to move an object with the power of thought alone was not entirely unsuccessful. However, he does not receive the 10,000 euros that the GWUP has offered for scientifically convincing evidence of paranormal abilities. Because for Rainer Wolf, who has been testing people with supposedly extraordinary abilities since 1996, what is shown is not enough:
"The attempt to prove that a paranormal phenomenon is present, I think it has failed. In my opinion, the phenomenon that we have seen can be explained with the well-known physical laws."
Marcel Polte is in good company. Over the years, 63 people have tried psi tests to prove their alleged paranormal abilities. So far, they have never withstood scientific scrutiny.
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