Why is Madagascar considered a developing country


Semi-Presidential Republic
independent since 1960


East Africa


587,295 km²

Local name:

Madagasikara / Madagascar




Madagascar is an island nation east of Africa in the Indian Ocean. The land has a total area of ​​587,295 km² and a total coastline of 4,828 km. This land mass is roughly 1.6 times the size of Germany. Madagascar is the 21st largest country in Africa and 46th worldwide. It is comparatively low at an average height of 442 meters above sea level.

Madagascar does not have any directly bordering countries. The distance between Berlin and the capital Antananarivo is approximately 8,610 km.

Current time in Madagascar:


May 2021

The countrywide East Africa Time (EAT) is used in Madagascar. Unlike in Germany, however, there is no summer time here. So there is a time difference of 2 hours in winter. In summer, however, the time difference is 1 hour.
Sunrise + sunset
The currency in Madagascar is Malagasy Ariary (MGA).
1 ariary is divided into 5 iraimbilanja.
Status: May 22, 2021

1 euro = 4,577.71 ariary
10,000 ariary = 2.18 euros

The climate in Madagascar

In Madagascar, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. There is no difference between the seasons as there is in Central Europe. The length of the day hardly fluctuates and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also smaller. The average maximum daily temperatures are between 25 and 30 degrees, depending on the season. In some parts of the country, the values ​​can reach up to 34 degrees during the day. In the colder months, depending on the region, the temperature drops to up to 15 ° C in the monthly average.

Average day and night temperatures


National language:

Malagassi, French


Native religions52,0%



Due to the weak economic situation, Madagascar is one of the least developed countries and is also one of the heavily indebted developing countries.

Land use

0% urban areas:2,272 km²
71% agriculture:418,037 km²
21% forests:125,916 km²
0% water surface:5,495 km²
7% other areas:41,070 km²



Road network:31,640 km
Rail network:836 km
Waterways:600 km
Commercial ports:28

The main cities

Political indicators

(Based on the World Bank's "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project)

Political stability:

Rule of law:


Regulatory quality:

Freedom of speech:

Death penalty:abolished in 2015

Existing trade agreements