Have past participle phrases time

What are participles again?

You have in the past mainly two forms of the participle got to know: that Present participle (also participle I) and that past participle (also participle II).

They are also known as middle words because their function is between a verb and an adjective. They can be recognized and formed quite easily.

Past participle: A -d is added to the basic form of the verb
run -> constantly
go -> going

Past participle:
With strong verbs, a “is” at the beginning, at the end there is an “-n”.
baking-> baked
dig -> dug

In the case of weak verbs, a “g” is placed at the beginning and a “-t” at the end.
wake up -> awakened
lay -> placed

And why do you need participles?

  • The participle I is mainly used to replace a clause and thus to describe two actions that take place at the same time.

    According to laughing he went out of the classroom.
    To go far preventive he examined the damage under the window.

  • It can also be used as an adjective.

    He used the one by the door standing Trash can.

  • Or as an adverb.

    The boy came weeping home.

  • You use the past participle almost automatically when you form tenses.

    I am late yesterday came.
    We haven't met for a long time seen.

  • But also with the participle II you can replace partial clauses and thus shorten a complete clause.

    After throwing the stone, he quickly ran away.
    The stone thrownhe ran away quickly.

Participatory groups

A participle group describes a group of words whose core is a participle. Sometimes this is also called an extended participle.

If you are unsure, you can try moving the phrase around like a part of a sentence. If that is possible, the words you move make up the participle group.

Version 1:
The old steam locomotive drove slowly away, pounding and puffing with the effort.

Variant 2:
The old steam locomotive slowly drove away, pounding and puffing from the exertion.

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Rules for setting commas: A comma must be used ...

  • If with a indicative word it is referred to:

    Showing a disinterested expression so she met her rival.

  • If there is a Addendum or a additive to a preceding noun or pronoun.

    The old steam locomotive drove slowly away stamping and panting with the effort.

  • If the Addition inserted between subject and predicate will and referring to a noun or pronoun takes.

    The wind, getting stronger and stronger, brought new clouds with it.

You don't have to put a comma here

You don't need to put a comma in the following examples

  • if the Participle group prefixed will (without a reference word)

    Showing an uninvolved facial expression (,) she met her rival.
  • if the addition to Subject and predicate are inserted.

    The wind brought (,) getting stronger and stronger(,) new clouds with them.

You should put a comma here

Sometimes it is important to use a comma, even if the rule does not require it.

This is necessary if the sentence is otherwise misleading becomes.

Yesterday she went to the police, laughed at by everyone.

she went , laughed at by everyone yesterday, but to the police.


She left yesterday , laughed at by everyone, yet to the police.

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