Which film did the time machine come from?

Summary of The time machine

The Victorian two-class society

Queen Victoria The term of office lasted from 1837 to 1902 - no English monarch was in office longer. This epoch was shaped primarily by the economic upswing in Great Britain and the associated social changes. As part of the industrial revolution, the transition from manual production to industrial large-scale production took place, which was more radical and more successful in the English kingdom than in the rest of Europe. A decade-long boom was recorded not only in the textile industry, but also in mining and mechanical engineering. A middle class of entrepreneurial families and shareholders emerged who, along with the nobility, shared in the country's prosperity and were also politically active.

The population of Great Britain increased from 24 million in 1831 to 41.5 million in 1901. This not only increased the group of financially secure citizens, but also the social underclass of the country, which ultimately consisted of two-thirds of the population. The working conditions in the factories and especially in the mines were catastrophic, and the working days were almost endless. Many families continued to live on the subsistence level. While the situation for industrial workers and artisans gradually improved at the end of the 19th century, the unskilled day laborers still lived crammed together in the slums of the big cities. It was not until 1874 that the first workers were elected to parliament, where they advocated greater influence for the trade unions. The later Labor Party was founded at the end of the Victorian era in 1900.

Emergence

Wells ’commitment to social change stems from his time at the Normal School of Science in London, where he studied science from 1884 to 1887. Here he made contact with a group of intellectual socialists, the Fabian Society, from which the Labor Party would later emerge. His biology professor had a great influence on Wells Thomas Henry Huxleywho defended Darwin's theory of evolution in a radical and polemical way. For Wells, it soon became clear that humans are descended from apes and must adapt to the demands of their environment or one day become extinct.

Wells was the co-founder and editor of the Science School Journal. In this university magazine he published short essays critical of society and literary reviews as well as his first short story in April 1888 The Chronic Argonauts. The story dealt with the subject of time travel and was a preparatory work for the later time Machine, but it should still take some time to finish the novel. It was not until 1893 that Wells became the publisher of the New review asked whether he could write a sequel story. Wells gratefully accepted and wrote the novel. After the preprint in the New review he sold the publication rights to the well-known publisher for £ 100 William Heinemannin whose house the text appeared in full for the first time in 1895.

Impact history

With the publication of the time Machine Wells made his breakthrough as a writer. To cement his reputation as an author, he wrote five more novels over the next three years. Especially The island of Dr. Moreau and war of the Worlds were able to build on the success of his debut. Wells applies alongside Jules Verne as the father of the modern science fiction novel. The subjects of his books were extremely innovative at the time: the readers had never heard of attacking Martians, nor of excursions into space or of journeys through time. Wells' novels were correspondingly formative for later science fiction authors, by whom these topics are taken up and continued to this day. The term “time machine” had never been used publicly before and is considered the author's invention.

Not only is Wells' influence on literature interesting, but also that on science. In the novel, the time traveler explains the concept of the space-time continuum and thus anticipates considerations that Albert Einstein only scientifically formulated ten years later in his theory of relativity. The film adaptation of the novel from 1960 is well known Rod Taylor in the role of the time traveler. The last major Hollywood adaptation dates back to 2002 Guy Pearce In the main role. Interestingly, it was directed by H. G. Wells ’great-grandson Simon Wells.