Morocco is a western country
Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess
- Official name:
- Kingdom of Morocco
- Moroccan dirham
- Arabic and Mazirian (Berber)
- 35.5 million
- National holiday:
- July 30th, accession to the throne of Mohammed VI. 1999
Morocco, a "Maghreb" state
Morocco is one of the "Maghreb" countries in North Africa. The Arabic word “Maghreb” means “West” and it refers to the Arab countries in the west of the continent. The country is only separated from the European continent by a narrow strait, the "Strait of Gibraltar". The more than 4000 meters high "Jabal Toubkal" is the highest mountain in Morocco. It belongs to the Atlas Mountains, which stretch across the country. Morocco borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Neighboring countries are Algeria and Mauritania. In addition, Morocco borders on the Spanish exclaves Ceuta and Melilla. This is Spanish national territory, which is separated from the mainland.
Morocco, a kingdom
Morocco has a long history. Berber tribes settled in the area 4,000 years ago. At the beginning of the 20th century, Morocco was under the rule of France and Spain. In 1956 the country became independent and a year later it became a kingdom. Morocco has been a constitutional monarchy since 1992. This means that the monarchs coordinate with the governments and adhere to what the constitution says about their tasks. Most of the country's residents are Muslim.
In recent years Morocco has made progress in political and economic modernization. Human rights are also given greater attention today. However, high unemployment and poverty remain major problems for the country. That is why many young Moroccans try to emigrate to Europe in order to lead a better life there.
City dwellers and nomads
The most famous and largest cities of Morocco are Casablanca, the capital Rabat, Fez and Marrakech. Almost two thirds of the Moroccan population live in these and other cities. A minority in the country are so-called nomads. They do not have a permanent address and live in remote areas. You are looking for accommodation in different places for a short time.
Dates and solar panels
Agriculture is an important industry. Moroccans grow cereals, pulses, dates, peanuts, almonds, apricots and tobacco. They process some types of fruit and vegetables into preserves and sell them abroad. Morocco is also the third largest cork producer in the world. In addition to agriculture, fishing, mining and tourism are important to the economy. In the future, Morocco wants to focus more on renewable energies and is building wind and solar systems for this.
Tea and fantasia
Almost all people in Morocco belong to Islam. Correspondingly many mosques, i.e. Muslim places of worship, can be found there. A well-known one is the 11th century Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakech. It is also known as the “bookseller's mosque” because booksellers used to gather there to sell their goods.
The traditional horse sport Fantasia is popular. It has its roots in the Berber martial arts. Two groups of beautifully dressed riders gallop towards each other and fire their rifles at the end. Since the whole thing is not a real fight, but part of tradition, nobody is hurt.
A well-known traditional dish is kefta. It is seasoned minced meat or mutton that is cooked over charcoal. Mint tea made from fresh mint leaves is the national drink in Morocco.
Work instead of school
Schooling is compulsory in Morocco. Girls and boys have to go to school between the ages of seven and fifteen. Nevertheless, roughly every third child hardly or not at all goes to school. Most of the time, poverty is the reason. The children have to go to work so that the family has enough money to live on. Despite compulsory schooling, 30 percent of adults cannot read or write. You are illiterate.
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