Which bike to buy for mountain tours
Road bike purchase advice - everything you need to know
As a beginner in a hobby or sport, you are always a bit lost at first. Where should I start? What is his money worth? Which model is right for me? No simple questions, especially when cycling. Hundreds of brands, a vast number of types of bicycles and tons of different models make it difficult for you as a buyer to ultimately decide on the right bike. To support you in the selection process, we have put together all the helpful information in our racing bike purchase advice so that you get what you are looking for in the end: the perfect racing bike for your needs.
Very fresh> Discover the road bike highlights 2020
Road bike types | Price ranges | Frame material | Brakes | Circuit | Impellers
There are a few things you should be clear about in the beginning. Riding technique, fitness level, preference for certain routes and, above all, the question of what purpose your new racing bike should fulfill. In this way, the selection can always be reduced from the beginning. A road bike with disc brakes is currently not an issue for aspiring racing drivers (ban by the UCI), ultra-light racing bikes for climbing experts in flat areas is more like wasted money (then prefer aero!) And those who are only looking for a fast bike for those who want to get to work need themselves Don't even bother to look around in the high-end sector (unless you can afford it). No matter what your wishes look like - we will help you find your dream bike!
The basics: what makes a racing bike?
Light frame: All racing bikes have a fairly light frame compared to other types of bike. We'll go into the different frame materials and their advantages later.
Narrow tires: Road bike tires typically have a width between 23 mm and 25 mm, with comfortable tires for long tours sometimes 28 mm. The latter are also often found on off-road racing bikes to provide more safety and grip. However, it is rare to find more than 30 mm in width.
No suspension: In contrast to mountain bikes, racing bikes generally do not have any suspension, as they do not need the additional comfort given the preferred smooth surface. If you want a little more flexibility on the bike, this is often achieved in the form of wider tires or more flexible frames.
Multiple courses: As a rule, racing bikes have two chainrings in the front and up to 11 gears in the rear cassette, for a total of 22 gears. The variety of gears enables the driver to overcome a wide variety of height profiles in the difficulty he prefers, no matter how steep the climb may be.
Type question: which racing bike is the right one?
The variety of racing bike types is huge - after all, a special frame has to be found for every riding style and every terrain. There are aero bikes for flat stretches, lightweight racing bikes for hilly stretches, endurance bikes for long distances, as well as “all-road” and leisure / fitness bikes that are designed more for fun. In the following we describe in detail what distinguishes the individual types and for whom they are suitable.
Read more> Aero, Light or Endurance? Racing bike types in comparison
Aero road bike
Aero bikes stand for one goal - top speed! This is less about weight and comfort, but rather about leaving the wind behind with the most aerodynamic shape possible and saving energy in the process. The biggest distinguishing features of the aero racing bikes are the thicker frame tubes and the total integration of the individual frame components and the rims.
The frame profile is therefore wider in order to create an aerodynamically improved shape and thus reduce wind resistance. As a result, aero bikes are often heavier than classic racing bikes. The integration of individual components in the frame, such as brakes and cables, is crucial in order to offer the wind fewer points of attack and to achieve an even more aerodynamic shape. The tube cross-sections are partially shaped so that they are based on the shape of the tires.
Due to the thicker tube cross-sections, aero racing bikes are typically very stiff and are therefore made for powerful sprints. Further details: The frame geometry requires a more aggressive seating position, the wheelbase is relatively short and the head tube is quite short.
Endurance racing bike
Endurance or long-distance racing bikes are becoming increasingly popular thanks to their relaxed geometry, stable handling and high level of comfort. This is ensured by the longer wheelbase and the higher head tube, the more upright seating position and, recently, the equipment with disc brakes. Other features usually include a drive with compact transmission (see below), more space in the frame for wider tires and additional integrated damping mechanisms that iron out minor bumps in the track.
Anyone who thinks that long-distance racing bikes are slower than their counterparts is mistaken. The same frame materials and technologies are often used for endurance bikes as for high-end racing bikes. In addition, there are similarly high-quality switching groups and wheels. The additional flexibility of the frame is the biggest difference to the regular racing bike.
Classic racing bike (ultra-light racing bike)
The "classic" racing bikes are the professionals' favorite bikes when it comes to success in the overall standings or when it comes to mountain stages. They are characterized by an ultra-light frame that is extremely agile and quick to maneuver through winding stretches. The low weight makes it a real mountaineer who is in his favorite discipline on long climbs.
Many particularly light racing bikes even weigh less than the 6.8 kilograms prescribed by the UCI for professional races. That is why the motto in this area is: the lighter, the better. Some manufacturers even stay under 5 kilograms with their bikes.
Gravel Bikes & Touring Bikes (All Road Bikes)
Gravel bikes are the latest trend in the racing bike world and are suitable for all types of terrain. This is made possible by a robust and flexible frame, which also enables solid performance on the road. In addition, the bottom bracket is higher to provide more ground clearance for obstacles. Furthermore, wide tires, disc brakes and a lighter gear ratio are important characteristics of the gravel bike.
Touring bikes are a little less focused on performance and place particular emphasis on stability, comfort and durability. This is also noticeable in the higher weight. In addition, luggage racks, mudguards and, as with the Gravel Bike, disc brakes are standard for the tourers. Steel is often used as the frame material for this type, due to its high level of robustness, lower costs and good driving comfort.
Fitness road bike
Convenience and comfort are the two most important factors of the fitness road bike, which is primarily intended for recreational and training use. Beginners are well catered for and can get from A to B quickly. In this category you will often find flat-bar handlebars instead of the typical racing bike handlebars, wider tires and normal platform pedals and a gear ratio for the drive that is easy for beginners.
Fitness racing bikes are particularly suitable for newbies and hobby cyclists who are hungry for training and who do not need full racing bike equipment for cycling.
Budget: How do I best invest my money?
Money is also the most important factor when it comes to quality and performance when it comes to racing bikes. The price range is enormous and ranges from fitness bikes from € 300 to high-tech professional racing bikes over € 10,000.
But you shouldn't be put off by that. Solid bikes that will meet your needs can also be found in the lower price ranges. In most cases, however, you get a bike with less weight, greater rigidity, better drive components and a more robust and comfortable frame for more money.
The material of the frame and fork change in a straight line up to a certain limit, the more you are willing to invest. Starting with steel, it goes on to aluminum and carbon. Racing bike groups are also an important price point and increase in terms of workmanship, resistance, lightness and function. Depending on the price, wheels also move between heavier aluminum and high-tech carbon, with ceramic bearings reducing friction and thus reducing rolling resistance.
Below you will find a breakdown of the different price ranges for racing bikes and what equipment you can expect for your budget.
Racing bikes up to € 750
In this price range, racing bikes are mostly aimed at recreational athletes who place a particularly high value on durability and versatility. Therefore, most bikes have a cassette with 8 to 9 gears and two to three chainrings at the front, which offers good-natured gear ratios and 16 to 27 gears. The frame is usually made of aluminum or steel, the fork can also be made of carbon. The wheels and tires are rather robust and heavy and can easily be upgraded for more performance if required.
Racing bikes up to € 1,500
The most important decision in this price range is the question of whether aluminum or carbon. Many manufacturers already have bikes with carbon frames for beginners for up to € 1,500. Both materials allow stiff, comfortable frames that don't differ too much in terms of weight. Although there are of course differences between the individual manufacturers, we advise you to prefer high-end aluminum frames to carbon frames. The big advantage here is that the savings on the frame mean that the aluminum models offer better components for the money.
Racing bikes up to € 3,000
In this price range we have definitely reached the performance range. The weight of the bikers is decreasing with every euro, the switching groups are getting higher quality and higher and higher speeds are possible. Performance features such as aerodynamic tube profiles and racing geometry can be found as well as more comfort on long-distance bikes.
An 11 cassette with a double chain set at the front is the common standard in this area. As a group you can often find the SRAM Rival or the Shimano long-running 105 or Ultegra. The frame is often made of carbon, as is the fork and if you can get a real bargain, the wheels too. The tires become smoother and have less rolling resistance.
Racing bikes up to € 4,500
Now we are slowly getting to the professional bikes. In this area you have to have a lot of bad luck and bad karma to catch a cucumber - around 4,000 € there is actually only high-tech at its best. Here everything revolves around the preferred type of racing bike - aero, classic or endurance.
Regardless of this, it's the same game as in the previous category: The weight drops, the equipment improves and the wheels become more aerodynamic. The combination of 11 cassette and two-way crank is standard, groupsets are from SRAM the Rival, Force and Red, from Shimano the Ultegra and Dura-Ace or from Campagnolo the Potenza and the Chorus. You can also find electrical circuits from Shimano in this area. The predominant material for the frame, fork and wheels is high quality carbon.
Racing bikes from € 4,500
Racing bikes from € 4,500, or “Sky is the limit” - general differences in performance are difficult to identify here and are often in no relation to the associated price. Everything here revolves around personal preference, high-tech gimmicks and the last few grams of weight.
If you have the money in your account, you can look forward to the finest carbon frames and forks, an electric gearshift system such as SRAM Red eTap, Shimano Ultegra Di2 or Dura-Ace Di2 and ultra-light wheels with aero design. If you want to spend over € 10,000 on a professional racing bike replica, you've come to the right place.
The road bike frame: which material does it best?
The frame material for racing bikes is now limited to carbon, aluminum, titanium, steel or a combination of these. Each has its strengths and weaknesses, which are particularly evident in the areas of price, comfort, weight and driving experience. However, one cannot generalize here, as it is always in the hands of the developer to get the most out of the framework and to make the best possible use of the individual properties of the materials.
There was a time when a carbon frame was pure luxury reserved for professionals. Thanks to improved and, above all, cheaper manufacturing processes, carbon is now the most common material for racing bikes alongside aluminum. Due to their directional structure, the carbon fibers can be processed and shaped easily and cleanly, so that developers can experiment with different pipe diameters and thus find the best balance of stiffness, weight and aerodynamics piece by piece. Carbon dominates the ratio of weight to rigidity and is therefore the established standard in the professional sector.
Carbon is not only used in the frame, but also for fork, wheels, gears, stem, seat post, saddle, actually everywhere. In addition, it shows no signs of fatigue compared to other materials and has the positive side effect that it has vibration-damping properties, which is always an advantage when cycling. The only catch with carbon? As soon as the frame is damaged, i.e. it is torn or has a crack, the integrity, i.e. the cohesion of the carbon in the bucket and the carbon frame must be completely replaced.
Basically, aluminum offers the same advantages as carbon: light, stiff and easy to process, even cheaper than carbon, which is why aluminum frames are always cheaper. The biggest plus point is the outstanding power transmission made possible by the stiffness of the aluminum. On the other hand, there is a relatively unyielding frame, which will also lose stiffness in the long term if the material shows signs of fatigue. In order to achieve more flexibility of the bike, manufacturers often combine aluminum frames with carbon forks.
A word that is often used in connection with aluminum frames is "butted". This is a process with which the wall thickness of the individual pipes is reduced by up to one, two or three times at the points that are not so crucial for the rigidity. In this way, weight can be saved without losing stiffness. A “triple butted tube” has three different wall thicknesses and is therefore lighter than comparable frame tubes.
Due to the triumphant advance of carbon, titanium frames have become increasingly rare, but are currently making a comeback in the form of custom-made products. The relatively light and very resistant material does not corrode like steel, but is very difficult to process compared to carbon and aluminum, which is why it is so expensive. On the other hand, a titanium frame is practically indestructible and can accompany you throughout your life. Modern processing methods enable even thinner pipe diameters and thus even lighter frames.
Steel was the number 1 material for bicycles, ahead of aluminum and carbon. High-quality steel is still very expensive and labor-intensive and is therefore rarely used, especially when there are cheaper and better alternatives in terms of weight / rigidity such as carbon. However, the aspects of handcraft and retro breathed new life into the steel frame. Steel frames are also often found in the all-road sector and entry-level racing bikes, as weight does not play a decisive role here. Modern development processes also allow the production of ultra-thin and stable steel tubes that compete with aluminum and carbon in terms of weight and performance.
While steel as a material is in itself quite comparable to driving comfort, its biggest weak point is of course rust.
Brakes: rim or disc?
Sounds like a simple question, but it isn't. From a purely objective point of view, the advantages of disc brakes predominate: more braking force, less wear, higher reliability and more opportunities for manufacturers to experiment with new designs are on the plus side of disc brakes, while the weight, ease of maintenance and the "classic brake feel" for many still the deciding factor in favor of the rim brake. If you look at what manufacturers have to offer, racing bikes with disc brakes are on the advance, but it remains to be seen whether they will be able to fully establish themselves in the near future.
You can find more information on the subject of racing bikes with disc brakes and a detailed overview of the most important questions on the subject here.
Control center: Find the right racing bike group
A racing bike group consists of the brakes and the drive system. The latter in turn consists of a crankset, chainrings, chain, cassette, rear derailleur and gear lever.The drive is a closed system that drives the bike, and the more money you invest in the quality of the drive, the more efficient, longer-lasting and faster you can shift gears, and the weight continues to decrease. In the following we give you a brief insight into the available groups of the well-known manufacturers.
Read more> Road bike gears: Shimano, SRAM and Campagnolo in comparison
Shimano road bike groups
Shimano currently has the largest range of road bike-specific groupsets and is used by many professional teams.
Claris: Shimano's entry-level group is aimed primarily at leisure and fitness cyclists. It consists of an 8-speed cassette and comes with a double or triple crank at the front.
Sora: The Shimano Sora is similar to the Claris, but offers an extra gear in the cassette and is visually different due to the four-armed crank.
Tiagra: The Shimano Tiagra is often found on entry-level bikes around 600-800 euros and adds a gear to the cassette on a 10 series. The group represents the transition between fitness racing bike and entry-level racing bike and offers reasonable performance and high stability.
105: The 105 is probably the most popular group on the racing bike market and is the entry point into the professional world of racing bike groups. It is aimed at advanced hobby riders and, in addition to its durability and reliability, offers many technologies from Shimano's top groupsets. The 105 also offers the same number of gears (11) and can be combined with components from the more expensive Ultegra and Dura-Ace groupsets.
Ultegra: Ultegra is a real high-end group for professionals, which differs only in weight from the top model Dura-Ace. Even many professional teams use individual Ultegra components during the off-season of the racing circuit ‘to save money. The Ultegra is also available in an electronic version, Ultegra Di2, which initiates the shifting process with a small motor and enables extremely precise, fast shifting.
Dura-Ace: The Dura-Ace is the showpiece of Shimano's racing bike groups. A mix of carbon, titanium and aluminum components makes the Dura-Ace an extremely smooth and efficient groupset that feels like it will last a lifetime. A total of 17 professional teams relied on the group in the 2015 Tour de France, which clearly underlines their status. The electronic version is the Dura-Ace Di2.
SRAM road groupsets
SRAM has four groupsets for racing bikes in its range and generally offers the lightest groupsets in their respective price range. Another great feature of the SRAM groups is the YAW technology, in which the rear derailleur rotates analogously to the translation and ensures an even angle between the chain and the drive. Advantages: Better chain guidance, more precise and faster shifting. The shifting process itself takes place via double tap, a shift lever for upshifting and downshifting.
apex: The entry-level group from SRAM has a 10-speed cassette and two chainrings at the front. The latter are in most cases a traditional compact setup with a large chainring with 50 teeth and a small one with 34 teeth. This translation is ideal for recreational and hobby drivers.
Rival: Rival is the counterpart to Shimano's 105 and is aimed at price-conscious, ambitious riders who do not want to forego the technological subtleties of the top models. Despite more gears thanks to the 11 cassette, the Rival weighs less than the Apex and is available with hydraulic disc brakes. Options with a single crank at the front are also available. Thanks to the simpler gear ratio, 1x drives are suitable for commuters and cyclocrossers.
Force: Force shares almost all features and technologies with the Rival, but relies on carbon instead of aluminum for most parts. The Force is perfect for advanced riders who want to venture into the racing world and need that little bit more speed. Like the Rival, the Force is also available with disc brakes and 1x drivetrain. In 2019, SRAM delivered the Force eTap AXS shortly after the introduction of the Red eTap AXS, the cheaper alternative for electronic, wireless switching.
Red: The top model from SRAM is the SRAM Red, which is also represented on the international professional stage. It is currently the lightest road bike group on the market and consists largely of the finest carbon fibers. Ceramic bearings also contribute to the low weight. The Red is also available as an electronic RED eTap, whose wireless switching technology is reminiscent of the switching in Formula 1 cars. In 2019, the Red eTap AXS was followed by a wireless 12-speed gearshift with the proprietary SRAM "AXS" protocol, which enables lightning-fast and safe communication between the gear lever and the rear derailleur.
Campagnolo road groupsets
Campagnolo is the oldest manufacturer of road groupsets and has been in business for over 80 years. With five higher-priced groups on offer, Campagnolo components are rarely found on cheaper bikes, but rather on Italian high-end racing bikes or custom-made bikes.
Veloce: The Veloce is Campagnolo's entry-level group that is roughly on the same level as Shimano's Tiagra or 105. The name of the group means "fast" and indicates that it is not a beginner group. The components are primarily made of high quality aluminum.
Centaur: The Centaur is the latest racing bike group from Campagnolo and improves its predecessor Veloce with numerous new features and details. The aim was to create an inexpensive entry-level group with a performance that is anything but entry level.
Athena: The Athena is Campagnolo's first 11 group in that order, but will be replaced by the new Potenza at the end of the year. The Athena was the first Campagnolo gears that enabled electronic shifting (EPS).
Potenza: Successor to the Athena and competitor to Shimano's Ultegra and SRAM's Force. The Campagnolo Potenza offers a four-armed crank and a new rear derailleur design to optimize the shifting process. Technologically comparable to the Chorus, Record and Super Record circuits, a lot of aluminum was built into the Potenza to save costs.
Chorus: The Chorus is the perfect circuit for those looking for an affordable Super Record. Although the price of a bike with a chorus circuit is usually over € 3,500, it is still really cheap compared to the top group. Also available as an EPS version and thus the inexpensive electric circuit from Campagnolo.
Record: The Record would probably be the top model of the racing bike groups from any other manufacturer. Made entirely of carbon and high-quality aluminum, the Record is an ultra-light, precise gearshift that also looks awesome. Also available with EPS.
Super record: Campognolo describes the Super Record as the maximum of evolutionary and technological art in a mechanical drive. Because the Super Record improves the Record again with titanium elements and ceramic bearings, thus improving efficiency and reducing weight. Also available with EPS. The price of the Super Record is only recommended for professional riders or cyclists without budget restrictions.
Find the best translation
The gear ratio on racing bikes depends heavily on the intended use. The gear ratio is the combination of the number of chainrings in the front and the number of teeth on the chainrings, the number of sprockets in the rear cassette and the number of teeth.
In most cases, racing bikes have two or three chainrings at the front, the latter often found on entry-level models or touring bikes. Recently, however, the single chainrings have also found their way into the road world. They reduce the risk of mechanical problems and make shifting much easier.
Racing bikes with double cranks can be divided into the setups “regular”, “compact” and “pro-compact” or “mid-compact”. Regular describes setups with 53 or 39 teeth on the large or small chainring, which is used by most professionals. With the compact setup there are 50 and 34 teeth and enables easier gear ratios compared to regular. A new interim solution is the Mid-Compact with 52 and 36 teeth. Triple cranks usually have 50, 39 and 30 teeth.
The front chainrings are the basis of the gear ratio, supplemented by the rear cassette. The cassette consists of several sprockets that can be exchanged, depending on whether you want to make the transmission ratio heavier or lighter. Modern cassettes consist of 11 sprockets (11-speed), which results in a total of 22 gears.
The tooth ratio in modern cassettes is usually 11-25 or 11-28 (11 is the smallest, 25 or 28 is the largest sprocket). The rings in between are graduated and their teeth enable a smooth transition from the smallest to the largest gear. The greater the difference between the number of teeth between small and large, the greater the distance that the chain has to cover, which means that the gears are not constantly changed.
A racing bike with smaller chainrings at the front (compact) and larger sprockets at the rear offers a wider gear ratio and thus easier gear selection on climbs. On the other hand, bikes with larger chainrings and smaller cassettes offer more speed and fewer gears.
The choice of wheels
A wheel consists of a hub around which the wheel rotates, the spokes which connect the hub to the rims, spoke nipples which connect the spokes to the rim and the rims. Good wheels are characterized by durability, resilient hubs, high rigidity and light weight.
Read More> Road Bike Wheels: Everything You Need To Know
The width and height of the rims are decisive for the driving experience. The trend is currently towards wider rims, as they offer better aerodynamics and offer more tire volume, which increases driving comfort. This coincides with the development towards larger tires, which reduce rolling resistance and offer greater comfort with less air pressure. The height of the rims is decisive for the wind resistance and thus for the bike handling. The higher the rim, the more aerodynamic the bike, but at the same time handling becomes more demanding when cross winds occur.
Entry-level wheels rely on aluminum, while top models are made entirely of carbon and are superior in terms of weight, stiffness and speed. The number, shape and material of the spokes varies depending on the wheel and has a strong influence on the performance. Many spokes provide more stability and robustness, but of course weigh more. Flattened spokes have an aerodynamic advantage over round ones. Materials are either steel, aluminum, carbon or titanium.
There are also three types of tires, each of which requires specific wheels. Clincher, tubular and tubeless tires. Clincher tires are still standard on most racing bikes today.
Find the right size
The frame size is one of the most critical decision-making criteria for a racing bike. Only when you feel 100% comfortable on the bike will you be able to get the maximum performance out of your bike and get on the bike as often as possible. If the frame is too big or too small, this cannot be compensated for afterwards. Finding the right frame size is the first and most important step when buying a racing bike.
The frame size for racing bikes is usually given in centimeters, which is the length of the seat tube. Every manufacturer has different frame heights and names them differently. The size S for brand A can be an M again for brand B. On the other hand, different models from the same manufacturer can have different frame heights despite the same size specification (M is 56 cm for the aero bike, 54 cm for the endurance bike). So it is always better to look at the exact geometry information for the desired bike and to compare the effective top tube length across manufacturers.
You can find an overview for determining the perfect frame height here:
Inform yourself in detail!
In order to get a little closer to your dream bike, you should inform yourself in detail. Create a list of your top 5 bikes in your price range and go on the hunt for more information.
- Look on YouTube for relevant videos from the manufacturer, from magazines and test portals or from undecided buyers to gather more information and opinions.
- Make sure that the bike was developed by the manufacturer for the purpose you have in mind. It doesn't make sense to buy an ultra-light 5 kg racing bike if you mainly want to ride on flat terrain. Then you should be on the lookout for an aero bike.
- Check out reviews in magazines, blogs, forums, and other websites for detailed information.
- If you have friends who are passionate about racing bikes, it's best to ask them whether they already have experience with the bike or the brand.
Don't forget: test drive
Whenever possible, you should take a test ride with the bikes of your choice. Depending on the price range and time, you then have to estimate how long you want to test it. For an entry-level bike, a few laps around the block are enough to get the feel of a racing bike and assess whether the size and geometry are comfortable for you.
But if you want to invest two months' salary in your bike, you should try to rent the bike for a whole day or the weekend. You can also ride it on the types of routes for which you want to buy the racing bike - so if you want to use it for extended mountain tours, find the next ascent in your area and really give it a boost. But if you want a bike for the city and for commuting, you have to see if you have enough space to stow your things.
Very important: Don't be too dazzled by the beautiful new look of the bike, but be critical and decide, based on the riding characteristics, whether the racing bike is right for you.
How to find the best bargains
End of Season Sale: After the season is before the season, also for dealers. The shop owners then want to make room for new models and knock out the old things with substantial discounts. Pay attention to the typical "life cycle" of a racing bike - after about every three years the bikes are developed from scratch, otherwise only rudimentary improvements. So if you're lucky, you can get a real high-end bike for little money.
Christmas: If you want to get extra discounts in addition to the End of Year Sale, wait until Christmas. Many retailers are particularly generous here, especially when it comes to accessories.
Test bikes: Most dealers always have a few test bikes in store that sooner or later have to be replaced. The bikes are no longer new, but the low price more than makes up for it. In addition, the bikes are serviced and maintained by professionals - after all, the shop wants to sell the models.
Online purchase: Online purchases, where you can shop from some manufacturers from the comfort of your own home, and thus save the surcharge for the retailer, are becoming increasingly popular. However, caution is advised here. If you can't test the racing bike of your dreams beforehand, you may buy a pig in a poke - also in terms of size.
Bike shop around the corner: It's still best to negotiate in your local bike shop. Here you can get detailed information and build a relationship with the seller at the same time, so that you are also welcome later as a customer and always receive benefits. In addition, you usually get a professional bike fitting and often the first service for free. You like to pay a little more.
We hope that we were able to help you with our racing bike purchase advice. Search our large selection of racing bikes for the right offers or ask your local specialist dealer for more information.
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