What are some botanical names of sandalwood
The botanical name of the Sandalwood reads Santalum album, and it belongs to the plant family Santalaceae - sandalwood family. Its ingredients consist of 90 percent sesquiterpenols and sesquiterpenes. The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation.
Recently there is also an essential sandalwood oil from New Caledonia Santalum austrocaledonicum.
No wood fragrance is offered as adulterated as that of sandalwood. And so much is simply declared as sandalwood that has nothing to do with sandalwood. Ultimately, the botanical name tells what is in the bottle. One such misdeclared essential oil is Amyris balsamiferawhich is often declared as West Indian sandalwood. For Amyris balsamifera there is no German name and the west Indian islands, where the wood comes from, have nothing to do with India, but are located in the Caribbean. Botanically it belongs to the diamond family, i.e. to the same plant family as the citrus fragrances, and its scent and mode of action have nothing to do with sandalwood, except for a much cheaper price.
Real sandalwood is a treasure because the ownership, trade and storage of sandalwood and its products are subject to strict legal regulation by the Indian government. The annual production of Indian sandalwood is around 1,000 tons. That sounds like a lot, but one has to be aware that the amount of incense sticks, perfumes sold worldwide (almost 80% of all perfumes sold worldwide contain sandalwood), wood products and essential oils far exceed the annual Indian production. Because a high quality sandalwood oil can only be obtained from trees that are at least 30 years old. The so-called Mysore quality can sometimes be questioned, as only two state distilleries in Maisuru and Shivamogga deliver this quality. And these two stills do not produce as much essential oil as can be found on the market.
Perfumery: Balsamic-sweet, velvety-warm wood fragrance. Belongs to the significant, but also expensive fragrance raw materials (provenance Mysore). Classic wood note for perfumes of the “Chypre”, “Fougère” and “Orient” types. The so-called West Indian sandalwood oil or amyris oil is also used as an inexpensive variant (provenance West Caribbean). This scent is similar to cedar wood.
Category: Essential Oil
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