Why is chemistry needed for civil engineering?

The vocational lexicon provides information on tasks and activities in the professions, job requirements, training and further education opportunities, employment opportunities, career prospects, initial income and much more.
* The salary details correspond to the gross salaries or gross wages at the start of the career. Attention: however, the information mostly relates to a group of occupations and not just to the one occupation sought. The data are based on the corresponding minimum salaries in the collective agreements (as of July 2018). You can find an overview of all entry-level salaries at www.contentskompass.at. The minimum wages and salaries are regulated in the industry collective agreements. You can find the current wage and salary tables in the collective agreement databases of the Austrian Federation of Trade Unions (ÖGB) and the Austrian Chamber of Commerce (WKÖ).

Job characteristics

Civil engineering is one of the most important sub-areas of construction and includes such diverse construction projects as road construction, bridge construction, railway construction, canal construction and the like. In addition to the apprenticeship "concrete builder" (forerunner "formwork builder"), which is specifically geared towards all types of concrete construction in civil engineering, and the apprenticeship "high builder" (precursor "bricklayer") in building construction, the apprenticeship "civil engineer" is one of the most important apprenticeships in construction.

The areas of responsibility of civil engineers are very diverse: These include above all the recording and measurement of the site or the construction site, the construction site equipment taking into account the safety measures in civil engineering, the production of construction pits and trenches (shafts), the production of the shallow foundations (foundations made of concrete ) and in some cases deep foundations (additional deep vertical supports made of concrete / metal), the erection of scaffolding, the production of formwork (concrete casting molds made of wood / plastic), the production of road substructures and superstructures, the production of embankments, embankments and slope protection , the production of natural stone masonry and the laying of pipe channels including manhole construction and road fixtures. Civil engineers also perform numerous planning and administrative tasks: They carry out the construction documentation, prepare daily construction reports and ensure that evidence is preserved with regard to all construction circumstances (in the event of complaints from the client); Today this work is mostly carried out by means of electronic data management (input of all data into a database). The demands on civil engineers are corresponding to the variety of tasks. For example, you need comprehensive and precise knowledge of construction and auxiliary materials (properties, usage and processing options, processing guidelines, harmful influences and corresponding countermeasures, transport, storage, etc.), tools and construction machinery (handling, maintenance), building laws, building standards and Guidelines, the structural specifications (LBVI), the guidelines and regulations for the road system (RVS) and much more.

On the construction site, civil engineers start planning the construction process. They use the construction plans and the material and parts lists from the planning office as planning documents; In some cases they also create their own hand sketches and drawings of details of the components. Then they set up the construction site and take the necessary construction site security measures in accordance with the relevant safety and traffic regulations (e.g. construction site protection, protective scaffolding, signaling and radio systems). They measure the construction site, so-called On batter boards (wooden or metal frames to which the cords for positioning the outer edges of the building are attached), pin the components with wooden slats and create horizontal cracks (these are markings at a certain height, which are intended to ensure the exact horizontal execution of the structures ). Today, the measuring and staking out work is mostly carried out with digital surveying equipment.

The civil engineers supervise the excavation of the construction pits and trenches (shafts) and produce structures and supports for the construction pits. They also carry out all concreting work: They build the formwork or assemble the formwork panels or the formwork elements of so-called system formwork (prefabricated formwork), they lay the structural steel (reinforcement) in the formwork (for the production of reinforced concrete parts), they bring the concrete into the Formwork, compact it with rammers and vibrators and, after the concrete has hardened, ensure that the formwork is dismantled. In addition to the actual concreting, the civil engineers also master the laying of prefabricated parts and prefabricated reinforced concrete components.

In road construction, another important area of ​​activity for civil engineers, they first create the road substructure, a leveled road bed made of gravel and sand, partly on a road embankment. They then apply the road superstructure to the road substructure, which is usually composed of frost protection layers, base layers and the road surface. The road surface consists either of concrete (e.g. on motorways) or of asphalt, a bituminous mixture of bitumen and aggregate (gravel), which civil engineers usually produce and process themselves on the construction site. Road construction also includes the creation of embankments and the securing of embankments with retaining walls, an area that requires appropriate knowledge of soil types, earthworks and landscaping. Sewer construction (surface drainage, drainage, sewerage, wastewater treatment) is also often connected with road construction. In sewer construction, civil engineers are involved in the laying of pipe channels, the production of plaster shafts and the production of road fixtures (sewer shafts).

Other areas of activity of civil engineers are bridge construction, underground construction (e.g. tunnel construction), track construction, construction in water and the renovation of concrete, asphalt and pipes.

Civil engineering, with its great responsibility for people's safety and with its enormous interventions in nature and the landscape, requires highly responsible specialist staff. Central components of the training and professional practice of civil engineers are therefore the following points: Exact documentation of all work with the aim of quality assurance, environmental protection, water protection, proper separation and disposal of waste (construction waste separation), recycling of reusable materials, exact compliance with all safety regulations, accident prevention.

Civil engineering is one of the most important sub-areas of construction and includes such diverse construction projects as road construction, bridge construction, railway construction, canal construction and the like. In addition to the apprenticeship "concrete builder" (forerunner "formwork builder"), which is specifically geared towards all types of concrete construction in civil engineering, and the apprenticeship "structural engineer" (forerunner "bricklayer") in building construction, the apprenticeship "civil engineer" is one of the most important apprenticeships in construction.

The areas of responsibility of civil engineers are very diverse: These include above all the recording and measurement of the site or the construction site, the construction site equipment taking into account the safety measures in civil engineering, the production of construction pits and trenches (shafts), the production of the shallow foundations (foundations made of concrete ) and in some cases deep foundations (additional deep vertical supports made of concrete / metal), the erection of scaffolding, the production of formwork (concrete casting molds made of wood / plastic), the production of road substructures and superstructures, the production of embankments, embankments and slope protection , the production of natural stone masonry as well as the laying of pipe channels including manhole construction and road fixtures. Civil engineers also perform numerous planning and administrative tasks: They carry out the construction documentation, prepare daily construction reports and ensure the preservation of evidence with regard to all construction circumstances (in the event of complaints from the client); Today, this work is mostly carried out by means of electronic data management (input of all data into a database). The demands on civil engineers are corresponding to the variety of tasks. For example, you need comprehensive and precise knowledge of construction and auxiliary materials (properties, usage and processing options, processing guidelines, harmful influences and corresponding countermeasures, transport, storage, etc.), ...

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Collective bargaining minimum rates (gross *), all amounts in euros
* Gross = value BEFORE deduction of duties (insurance, taxes)

Civil engineer
Collective agreement (gross income)1st year2nd year3rd year4th Lyvalid from
Construction and construction industry (calculated monthly guide values ​​according to the hourly rates of the collective agreement) (workers)
Gross income1st year2nd year3rd year4th Ly
1.0421.5632.0852.344
Special regulation for apprentices who start their apprenticeship after the age of 18 (calculated monthly guide values ​​according to the hourly rates of the collective agreement)