What are some research resources

A couple of definitions

UNESCO | In the best case, teaching / learning materials marked as OER correspond to the definition as it was adopted in June 2012 at the UNESCO World Congress as the "Paris Declaration":

"Teaching, learning and research resources in the form of any medium, digital or otherwise, that are in the public domain or published under an open license that allows free access, free use, editing and redistribution by others with little or no restriction. The principle of open licensing is within the existing framework of copyright law, as defined by relevant international agreements, and respects the authorship of a work ”.

HRK | An easily understandable definition and other sensible considerations can be found in the HRK Senate resolution on OER. This is:

"Open Educational Resources (OER) are freely available teaching materials that all participants can use, edit, reassemble and redistribute. Use can be restricted through graduated licenses."

In what form can OERs exist?

Any educational resource can become OER using free licenses. Digital teaching materials are particularly suitable, but OER can also be analog materials.

Here are some examples:

    • Textbooks
    • Curricula
    • Course material
    • worksheets
    • Explanatory videos
    • Graphics
    • photos

Advantages of OER

Excellence instead of redundancy | Teaching materials that have been created once are released by the author. In this way, these can be used, edited, reassembled and disseminated by others. This helps to save duplicate work and enables you to concentrate on the area in which you have the greatest expertise, instead of constantly striving to prepare and pass on basic knowledge.

Swarm intelligence | OER offer the opportunity to access a global wealth of knowledge (such as Wikipedia under the license CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported): just like that, available at any time and free of charge. And: If materials are available as OER, they not only enrich the knowledge pool, but also enable the creators to benefit from the feedback of others.

Teaching improvement| Learner and students can be provided with optimized and individualized learning materials as OER and enable further processing by the students. This means that the individual requirements of the students can be better addressed, which can lead to an increase in motivation and an increase in academic success.

Flexible licenses| Free licenses such as Creative Commons licenses offer great freedom. In this way, the author can decide whether and under which license material would be available and published. The license chosen by the author and the availability of the materials ultimately influence the degree of openness of the respective material.

A few explanatory videos about OER

LOERn | As part of the LOERn project, videos were created in which OER is presented and explained. You can find these videos here on Youtube.

OERinfo | OERinfo is the central, BMBF-funded information point on OER. On the YouTube channel of OERinfo you can find lectures, interviews, but also worth seeing explanatory videos like this one on the use of images under free licenses.


"What are OER? - An overview" by Nadine Paulick and Binafsha Kalandarova for the project "use-OER @ htwsaar", is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 /deed.de]

Disclaimer: The author assumes no liability for any data protection or other legal violations in other web offers to which he has set a link. The respective publisher is responsible for the content of the third-party offers linked by him. Before setting up links, the websites of the other providers have been checked with great care and to the best of our knowledge and belief. However, no guarantee can be given for the completeness and correctness of the information on linked sites. If reference is made to pages whose content gives cause for complaint, the author asks for a notification.

The use-oer @ htwsaar project and the project on which this report is based were funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under grant number 01PO16019. Project duration: February 2017 - August 2019