There is scope for statistics
Urban regions according to the urban-rural typology of Statistics Austria:
City regions are areas made up of several municipalities that are economically, socially, geographically and transport-wise linked. Each city region has one Core zone with a high population and employment density as well as a Outer zone with a high proportion of commuters to the core zone.
The urban regions of Austria are defined by 41 (or 43) urban centers and are:
- the Metropolitan area Vienna
- six other major urban centers or metropolitan regions: Bregenz-Dornbirn-Feldkirch, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Linz and Salzburg
- nine urban medium-sized centers or medium-sized town regions: Gmunden, Upper Styria - Bruck an der Mur / Kapfenberg, Upper Styria - Leoben, St. Pölten, Villach, Wels and Wiener Neustadt
- 27 small urban centers or small town regions: Aichfeld-Murboden - Judenburg, Aichfeld-Murboden - Knittelfeld, Amstetten, Bludenz, Braunau, Eisenstadt, Enns, Imst, Klosterneuburg, Krems an der Donau, Kufstein, Leibnitz, Lienz, Neunkirchen, Reutte, Ried, Schwaz, Spittal an der Drau , St. Veit an der Glan, Stockerau, Telfs, Ternitz, Tulln, Weiz, West Styria - Voitsberg, Wolfsberg, Wörgl
- The urban small town centers Klosterneuburg and Stockerau were due to the spatial overlay in the context of the objective evaluation of the Outer zone of the metropolitan region of Vienna added.
The delimitation of urban regions in Austria is based on the one hand on spatial structural features, such as population and building density, from which a core area that is as homogeneously structured as possible can be summarized. On the other hand, the delimitation takes place via the extent of spatial interdependence between the core and outer zone in the areas of commuter flows, supply and leisure, which indicate the catchment areas of the core zone. (ÖROK 2009, Statistics Austria)
The Urban-rural typology was developed by Statistics Austria for statistical purposes and delimited for the first time for the reference date October 31, 2013. The typology integrates the delimitation of the urban regions (urban centers), which was carried out every 10 years for 1971 to 2001. The basic concept for the formation of the urban regions is basically unchanged, but changes in the measures and thresholds used as well as changes in the spatial reference base for determining the core zones (conversion to the European ETRS-LAEA grid) limit the comparability with previous urban-region delimitations. In principle, however, the definition of the urban regions was based on the premise of the greatest possible continuity with the previous delimitations of urban regions.
Further information: https://www.statistik.at/web_de/klassifikation/regionale_gliederungen/stadt_land/index.html
Permanent settlement area:
The permanent settlement area comprises the space available for agriculture, settlement and transport facilities. The demarcation of the permanent settlement area allows a relatively large amount of leeway, depending on which data bases are used or in which spatial reference base they are available. The data sources for defining permanent settlement areas are the CORINE land use data 2006, as well as the population and employment data from the register census 2011 based on 250 m grid units.
The permanent settlement area consists of a settlement area with the use categories urban areas, industrial and commercial areas and of a settable area with the use categories arable land, permanent crops, grassland, heterogeneous agricultural areas, mining areas and the artificially created non-agricultural areas (e.g. urban green areas, Sports and leisure areas).
Further information: http://www.statistik.at/web_de/klassifikation/regionale_gliederungen/dauersiedlungsraum/index.html
Active city regions:
There are city regions that show initiative and, for example, start joint development projects. One example is the “future area of the Lienzer Talboden”, which, in contrast to the above definition by Statistics Austria, sees another neighboring municipality as part of the urban region. In cooperation with Stadtregionen.at, the municipality of Assling was added to the Lienz urban region at the request of the project team in order to be able to better map the actual situation on Stadtregionen.at.
Interested parties are welcome to contact [email protected]
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