Is learning JSF necessary in 2017
23 July 2019
The Climate Action Plan 2050 provides a basic orientation for the implementation of the national commitments of the Paris Climate Agreement. It covers all relevant social fields of action: energy industry, buildings, transport, industry, agriculture as well as land use and forestry. The aim is to achieve largely greenhouse gas neutrality in Germany by 2050. By 2030 at the latest, the total greenhouse gas emissions in Germany must be reduced by at least 55% compared to 1990 according to a resolution of the federal government.
In 2017, the industrial sector was the second largest greenhouse gas emitter in Germany with 200 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents. It accounts for around 20% of greenhouse gas emissions in Germany. About 38% of industrial emissions are not due to the use of energy, but directly to production processes in the basic industry, for example in iron and steel manufacture, in lime and cement manufacture or in basic chemistry. There are currently various technological options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in industry. In order to directly avoid greenhouse gases, the relevant processes can be replaced by new technologies and processes in industry (Carbon Direct Avoidance - CDA). Indirect avoidance of greenhouse gases can take place, for example, through the use of CO2 emissions (Carbon Capture and Utilization - CCU) or through long-term storage of greenhouse gases (Carbon Capture and Storage - CCS).
Overall, the goal of greenhouse gas neutrality requires a long-term fundamental change in society. Climate protection is also the driver of a modernization strategy for efficiency and innovation. Economic success and the international competitiveness of industrial production and the manufacturing sector in Germany are thus maintained, even under the conditions of an ambitious climate protection policy. Therefore, within the framework of this guideline, preference is given to promoting highly innovative topics that contribute to the direct avoidance of greenhouse-effect emissions in industry.
This funding measure contributes to the implementation of the climate protection plan 2050, the high-tech strategy 2025 and the framework program “Research for Sustainable Development (FONA3)” of the federal government.
1 Funding objective, funding purpose, legal basis
1.1 Funding objective and funding purpose
With the Climate Protection Plan 2050, Germany has committed itself to ambitious climate protection goals. Industry plays a special role both in terms of the greenhouse gases released and in securing Germany as a business location.
The aim of this funding guideline is to enable the German primary industry to develop processes and combinations of processes that avoid greenhouse gases and to put them into practice in the medium to long term. For this purpose, new technologies or technology combinations are to be developed and exemplarily applied, which contribute to the direct avoidance of greenhouse gases in industry as far as possible. New approaches from industrial application-oriented basic research with a considerable innovation potential are to be researched and the long-term implementation potential of new technologies with regard to their usability in industry and taking into account necessary infrastructural investment measures and economic aspects are to be assessed. In this way, a concrete potential for use is to be worked out and the prerequisite for further innovation processes with regard to industry-driven further development and utilization is created. The research work therefore also serves to enable the companies involved, in particular, to assess the potential and risk of a transfer to commercial use.
A special focus of this funding guideline is on projects that have a systemic approach to the consideration of new technologies and process combinations at the center of their development and which consider larger areas of the affected value chains. That is why, within the framework of this funding guideline, projects with strong economic participation, ideally under industrial leadership, should be funded. Accompanying life cycle analyzes should be carried out for each project, which allow a consideration of the greenhouse gas emissions of the processes as well as the associated energy consumption and the associated economic efficiency.
European or international cooperation is welcomed, provided that added value is to be expected for Germany and the majority of the results are used in the Federal Republic of Germany or the EEA and Switzerland.
The purpose of this funding guideline is:
- strengthening the innovative strength of the German basic industry,
- the development of new greenhouse gas avoidance technologies, processes and process combinations,
- the review of the feasibility of new technologies for economic use and recovery,
- the qualification of new approaches and technologies for industry-driven follow-up projects and implementation measures.
1.2 Legal bases
The federal government grants the grants in accordance with this guideline, §§ 23 and 44 of the Federal Budget Code (BHO) and the related administrative regulations as well as the "Guidelines for grant applications on an expenditure basis (AZA)" or the "Guidelines for grant applications on the basis of costs (AZK)" of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). There is no entitlement to a grant. Rather, the granting authority decides on the basis of its dutiful discretion within the framework of the available budget.
According to this funding guideline, state aid is granted on the basis of Articles 25 and 28 of Regulation (EU) No. 651/2014 of the EU Commission of June 17, 2014 to determine the compatibility of certain groups of aid with the internal market in application of Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ("General Block Exemption Regulation" - GBER, OJ L 187 of June 26, 2014, p. 1, in the version of Regulation (EU) 2017/1084 of June 14, 2017, OJ L 156 of June 20, 2017, p. 1). Funding is carried out in compliance with the common provisions set out in Chapter I GBER, in particular taking into account the definitions of terms listed in Article 2 of the Regulation (see the annex on state aid requirements for the funding guidelines).
2 Subject of funding
The subject of this funding guideline is the funding of joint R&D projects1 of technologies and processes that preferably contribute to a direct avoidance of climate-relevant process emissions - and thus to the greenhouse gas neutrality of German industry. Research projects in which CCU procedures are applied can only be funded if the majority of greenhouse gases are avoided by CDA procedures and the CCU aspects only play a subordinate role. Projects relating to CCS procedures are not eligible.
The subject of funding is industrial R&D projects that have a sufficient level of innovation, are risky and could not be carried out without funding. The projects can be funded up to Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 5 (demonstration or pilot plant).
The two main topics of CCU and the substitution of fossil fuels by renewable raw materials as a contribution to climate protection are not taken into account, as the BMBF has developed its own initiatives for this purpose.
2.1 Funding priorities
The funding guideline is open to technology and industry. However, only R&D projects are funded that have significant leverage effects on greenhouse gas neutrality in German industry and that contribute to promoting Germany as a business location. Therefore, economic sectors with high greenhouse gas emissions such as iron and steel production, the mineral processing industry (focus: cement, lime, ceramics, glass), the non-ferrous metal industry (focus: aluminum and copper production) and the chemical primary industry are particularly in the focus of the funding guidelines .
The funded projects must be characterized by a systemic approach and interdisciplinary cooperation. A reliable assessment of the life cycle (Life Cycle Assessment, LCA) with regard to the greenhouse gas potential, the energy required and an assessment of the profitability of the new processes to be developed at the end of the projects are required.
It is expected of the grant recipients that, in the course of the implementation of the projects, practical solutions will be sought or ways of transferring their research results to industrial practice will be shown. Transdisciplinary and cross-sector projects play a special role here. The participation of all important actors in the joint projects promotes the systemic approach of the research work and leads to a better utilization of the results of the projects in different areas of application. Financial and economic aspects are also to be analyzed and evaluated for a later - also long-term use of the project results.
The economic sectors, key topics and research needs outlined below are to be understood as examples and do not exclude other questions or further research needs.
- Iron and steel production
The integrated blast furnace route is the world's dominant process for the production of primary steel. The use of fossil carbon carriers as reducing agents results in large amounts of climate-relevant process emissions. Alternative technological approaches to avoiding these process emissions are, on the one hand, approaches to substituting the commonly used reducing agents, for example with hydrogen, and, on the other hand, iron ore electrolysis is a technological option for reducing process emissions.
Currently, however, the cost-effectiveness of gas-based reduction processes in Germany with regard to the necessary investment processes and with regard to the higher operating costs (due to energy and raw materials) is largely not given. The necessary technological maturity has not yet been reached for the electrolysis process.
- Mineral processing industry
In the mineral processing industry, by far the largest proportion of greenhouse gases in the cement industry is generated during the clinker burning process. Limestone is converted into calcium oxide and carbon dioxide.
For a direct reduction in greenhouse gases, for example, the proportion of clinker can be reduced by using multi-component cements. However, it currently seems that the remaining potential for reducing climate-relevant process emissions from multi-component cements is foreseeable very limited.
Another possibility for the direct avoidance of process-related greenhouse gas emissions is the development of alternative binders and here the substitution of the raw material limestone contained in the cement clinker.
The production of ammonia, adipic and nitric acid and other basic chemicals are the main causes of climate-relevant process emissions in the chemical industry. The production of ammonia (NH3) is the main source of the process-related CO2 emissions released in the basic chemistry.
The conversion of synthesis gas production using steam reformer to water electrolysis simplifies ammonia synthesis and is a possible approach to lowering process emissions. Process steps such as reforming and gas scrubbing are omitted, but air separation is necessary. Overall, the electricity requirement increases sharply with water electrolysis. Economical operation of this technology is difficult with today's electricity prices.
- Non-ferrous metal industry
In the non-ferrous metal industry, large amounts of greenhouse gases are generated during the production of primary aluminum by means of fused-salt electrolysis. There are two main sources of climate-relevant process emissions here. On the one hand, there is the reducing substance carbon (anode), which binds oxygen during electrolysis and thereby produces, among other things. CO2 burns off, as well as the perfluorinated hydrocarbons tetrafluoromethane (CF4) and hexafluoroethane (C2F6), which are produced in very small quantities during the anode effect. However, the greenhouse gas potential of these gases is between 6,500 and 9,000 CO2 equivalents.
A number of theoretically possible options are known to reduce these process emissions. For example, processes for process stabilization and for minimizing the anode effect, development of inert anodes, development of carbothermal processes or chlorination of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) with subsequent electrolysis of aluminum chloride.
2.2 Networking and transfer projects
In addition to the scientific collaborative projects, a cross-project networking and transfer project is to be funded, which is intended to strengthen the innovative strength of the implementation-oriented collaborative projects through targeted networking of the associations with one another and with their environment. The funding measure is to be linked to relevant European cross-sectional activities (e.g. 2030 climate & energy framework, 2050 long-term strategy, etc.).
Furthermore, the project should provide professional transfer support and strengthen the funding measure through public relations and the processing of cross-sector and cross-technology cross-sectional issues.
This project is carried out in close coordination with the BMBF and also includes the development and application of a methodology for the cross-project collection, analysis and evaluation of data within the framework of the research results and project effects achieved in the funding measure, e.g. B. Determination of the contributions to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, ecological balancing, aspects of the legal framework and economic potential including economic feasibility studies of the projects.
Further tasks of this project are the preparation, implementation and evaluation of status seminars and discussion forums as well as the creation and dissemination of information materials in the context of public relations work.
The BMBF assumes a self-interest of the grant recipient for the networking and transfer project in the task. This self-interest must be presented accordingly when submitting the application. The R&D projects funded as part of this announcement are obliged to cooperate with the networking and transfer project.
3 grant recipients
Companies in the commercial sector are eligible to apply - in particular small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), universities, non-university research institutions and social organizations such as B. Clubs, associations and foundations. At the time of the disbursement of a granted grant, the existence of a permanent establishment or branch (company) or another institution that serves the activity of the recipient of the grant (university, research institution) in Germany is required.
Applications by SMEs are expressly welcomed. For the purposes of this funding guideline, SMEs are companies that meet the requirements of the EU's SME definition (cf.Appendix I of the GBER or the recommendation of the Commission of 6 May 2003 regarding the definition of micro-enterprises and SMEs, announced under file number K ( 2003) 1422 (2003/361 / EG)):
The recipient of the grant declares his company classification in accordance with Annex I AGVO to the granting authority in the context of the written application.
Research institutions that receive basic funding from the federal government and / or the federal states can only receive project funding for their additional project-related expenses or costs under certain conditions, in addition to their institutional funding. In particular, it is expected of these basic-funded non-university research institutions that they represent the content-related connection of the institutionally funded research activities with the project topics and that they interlink the two.
For the conditions of when state aid is / is not available and to what extent aid-free funding can be provided, see the Commission communication on the Union framework for state aid for the promotion of R & D & I2 of June 27, 2014 (OJ C 198 of June 27, 2014, p. 1), in particular Section 2.
4 Special funding requirements
The prerequisite for funding is the cooperation of several independent partners from business, science or institutions of the municipalities and states within the framework of joint R&D projects (joint projects). The applicants must be able to develop overarching problem solutions based on a division of labor and partnership.Significant economic participation is desirable and should be oriented along a possible value chain. The coordination of the cooperation by a commercial enterprise is desirable. The networking and transfer project described in number 2.2, which can be funded as an individual project, is an exception.
The partners in a joint project regulate their cooperation in a written cooperation agreement. Network partners who are research institutions within the meaning of Article 2 (number 83) of the GBER ensure that no indirect (indirect) aid is granted to companies within the network. To this end, the provisions of number 2.2 of the Commission communication on the Union framework for state aid for the promotion of R & D & I (OJ C 198, 27.6.2014, p. 1) must be observed. Before the funding decision on a joint project, a basic agreement on further criteria specified by the BMBF must be proven (see BMBF form no. 0110)3.
If possible, the projects should not exceed a duration of four years. The exploitation interests of the various partners must be clearly identifiable and presented in a exploitation plan.
Applicants should - also in their own interest - familiarize themselves with the EU framework program for research and innovation "Horizon 2020" in the context of the planned national project (http://www.horizont2020.de/). They are supposed to check whether the intended project has specific European components and thus whether exclusive EU funding is possible. Furthermore, it must be checked to what extent an additional funding application can be submitted to the EU in the context of the planned national project.
The project participants are obliged to support overarching technology transfer and networking measures of the funding priority (see number 2.2). This should enable public relations work, the transfer of results and the impact analysis for the funding measure. The project participants are expected to take part in the planned status seminars and to provide information to assess the success of the funding measure, in particular to quantify the achievable ecological effects.
5 Type, scope and amount of the donation
The grants are granted by way of project funding.
Assessment basis for grants to companies in the commercial sector and for projects by research institutions that are in the field of economic activities4 are the eligible project-related costs. As a rule, these can - depending on the application of the project - be financed up to 50%, taking into account the requirements under state aid law (see annex). According to BMBF principles, an appropriate personal contribution - in principle at least 50% of the costs that are eligible for funding - is required.
The assessment basis for grants to universities, research and scientific institutions and comparable institutions that do not fall into the field of economic activities are usually the project-related expenses eligible for funding (for Helmholtz centers - HZ - and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft - FhG - the eligible expenses project-related costs), which can be funded up to 100% individually, taking into account the requirements of state aid.
For non-economic research projects at universities and university clinics, a project lump sum of 20% is granted in addition to the eligible expenses.
The GBER must be taken into account when determining the respective eligible costs (see annex).
The GBER must take into account the calculation of the respective funding quota (see annex).
6 Other grant provisions
The “Ancillary provisions for cost-based grants by the BMBF to commercial enterprises for R&D projects” (NKBF 2017) are part of a cost-based grant notification.
The "Ancillary provisions for grants based on expenditure of the BMBF for project funding" (NABF) as well as the "Special ancillary provisions for the retrieval of grants in the indirect retrieval procedure in the business area of the BMBF" (BNBest-indirect retrieval-BMBF), if the funds are made available in the so-called retrieval process.
The “General ancillary provisions for grants for project funding to regional authorities and associations of regional authorities” (ANBest-Gk) and the “Special ancillary provisions for grants from the BMBF for project funding on an expenditure basis for regional authorities” (BNBest-BMBF-98) are part of a grant notification to regional authorities the "Special ancillary provisions for the retrieval of grants in the indirect retrieval process in the BMBF's business area" (BNBest-indirect retrieval-BMBF), provided that the funds are made available in the so-called retrieval process.
In order to carry out success controls within the meaning of administrative regulation number 11a to § 44 BHO, the grant recipients are obliged to provide the BMBF or the institutions commissioned with the data necessary for success control in a timely manner. The information is used exclusively in the context of accompanying research and any subsequent evaluation, treated confidentially and published anonymously so that it is not possible to draw any conclusions about individual persons or organizations.
If the grant recipient publishes the results of the research project as a contribution in a scientific journal, this should be done in such a way that the public can access the contribution electronically free of charge (open access). This can be done by publishing the article in an electronic journal that is accessible to the public free of charge. If the article does not initially appear in a public, free-of-charge journal, it should be made electronically accessible to the public free of charge (secondary publication) - if necessary after a reasonable period (embargo period) has expired. In the case of secondary publication, the embargo period should not exceed twelve months. The BMBF expressly welcomes the open access secondary publication of scientific monographs resulting from the project.
7.1 Involvement of a project sponsor, application documents, other documents and use of the electronic application system
The BMBF has currently commissioned the following project management organization (PT) to handle the funding measure:
DLR project sponsor
Environment and sustainability, global change, climate and environmental protection
Email: [email protected]
Contact persons for technical questions are:
Dr. Peter Sliwka
Phone: 02 28/38 21-15 73
Dr. Oliver Scherr
Phone: 02 28/38 21-15 75
The contact person for administrative questions is:
Mrs. Carmen Dittebrandt
Phone: 02 28/38 21-15 26
If there are any changes, this will be announced in the Federal Gazette or in another suitable manner.
Forms for funding applications, guidelines, leaflets, notes and ancillary provisions can be called up at the Internet address https://foerderportal.bund.de/easy/easy_index.php?wahl=easy_formulare&formularkammer=bmbf or requested directly from the project management organization specified above.
The electronic application system "easy-Online" must be used to create project outlines and formal funding applications (https://foerderportal.bund.de/easyonline).
7.2 Two-stage application process
The application process is designed in two stages.
7.2.1 Submission and selection of project outlines
In the first stage of the procedure, project outlines are to be submitted to the project sponsor. The project outlines must be submitted in writing by post and in electronic form.
Two dates are planned for the submission of project outlines:
1st date: by December 16, 2019
2nd date: by December 15, 2020.
In the case of joint projects, the project outlines must be submitted in coordination with the joint coordinator.
The submission deadline is not considered a deadline. However, project outlines received after the date specified above may no longer be considered.
The complete project outline is to be sent to
DLR project sponsor
Environment and sustainability, global change, climate and environmental protection
to be submitted with the keyword "KlimPro".
The complete project outline can be submitted electronically via the easy-Online Internet portal at https://foerderportal.bund.de/easyonline/. It is recommended to contact the commissioned project sponsor directly before submitting the project outline.
The project partners, represented by the submitter / network coordinator, submit a joint, expert project outline in German with a maximum of ten DIN A4 pages (1.5 line spacing, written form Arial, size 11 pt) to the project sponsor and via easy -Online portal. Project outlines must have a concrete reference to the criteria of this announcement (see number 7.2.2) and contain all essential statements for assessment and evaluation.
A convincing scientific justification and a coherent exploitation concept must be submitted for the planned R&D work.
The project description should be presented with the following structure:
- Initial situation (including the state of science and technology) and topic-specific R&D needs as well as motivation and needs of the companies or partners involved;
- Objective, based on the state of the art in science and technology and operational applications with special consideration of already available results and findings from national, European or international research programs; Novelty of the project idea and expected gain in knowledge;
- Concept for the model implementation of the solution approach in the company during the project term and after the end of the project. Description of the planned research work and one's own preparatory work on which it will be based, as well as the solution approach;
- Cooperation partners and division of labor (for all business partners, organizations or associations, please provide a brief (e.g. tabular) company / organizational presentation, if applicable group affiliation and number of employees);
- short cost or expenditure estimate, reliable planning of work, time and personnel expenditure in person-months (PM) per work package;
- Presentation of the exploitation of results in business, society, science, in technical / university education as well as by professional associations. The economic and social importance and the pre-competitive character of the project must be clearly recognizable.
Interested parties are free to add further points which, in their opinion, are important for an assessment of their project outline.
Complete documents for mailing to the commissioned project management agency consist of:
- the project sheet from easy-Online with signature and
- an original of the technical project description.
The complete project outline can be submitted electronically via the easy-Online Internet portal at: https://foerderportal.bund.de/easyonline/reflink.jsf?m=KLIMA&b=KLIMPRO&t=SKI
7.2.2 Selection and decision-making process
The project outlines received are evaluated with the participation of external experts according to the following criteria:
- Adaptability: Technical reference to the funding announcement, reference to the funding program “Research for Sustainable Development - FONA”;
- Achievement of target: amount of greenhouse gas reduction potential;
- Innovation level: contribution to the development of cutting-edge technologies, international competitiveness; scientific-technical quality of the solution approach;
- economic relevance: improving the competitiveness of German industry, technology providers and users; Increasing the innovative strength of SMEs;
- Network structure: involvement of all important actors, quality of project management, excellence of the project consortium;
- System approach: interdisciplinarity; Value chain oriented approach; Cooperation between business and science;
- Transfer of results: convincing concept for exploiting the results (exploitation plan), training and further training aspects; Creation of competence networks; Knowledge transfer.
The project ideas suitable for funding are selected according to the criteria and evaluation given above. The submitter / association coordinator will be informed in writing of the selection result.
The project outlines submitted as part of this procedural stage and any other documents submitted will not be returned.
7.2.3 Submission of formal funding applications and decision-making procedures
In the second stage of the process, the authors of the positively assessed project outlines are asked to submit a formal application for funding.
A complete application for funding is only available if at least the requirements according to Article 6 Paragraph 2 GBER (see annex) are met.
The use of the electronic application system "easy-Online" (taking into account the requirements stated in the annex) is required to prepare the formal funding applications (https://foerderportal.bund.de/easyonline/).
In the case of joint projects, funding applications must be submitted in coordination with the planned joint coordinator.
The formal funding applications include: Submit the following information in addition to the project outline:
- detailed financial plan of the project,
- detailed exploitation plan,
- Presentation of the need for the donation,
- detailed work plan with start and end date of the planned project work including project-related resource planning, time and milestone planning (bar plan),
- Any conditions from the first assessment stage must be taken into account.
The applications received are evaluated and checked according to the following criteria:
- Eligibility of the funds applied for,
- Necessity and appropriateness of the requested funds,
- Comprehensibility of the explanations of the financing plan,
- Quality and informative value of the exploitation plan, also with regard to the funding policy objectives of this funding measure,
- Implementation of any requirements from the first assessment stage and compliance with the financial framework recommended there for funding.
In accordance with the criteria and evaluation given above, a decision on funding will be made after the application has been checked.
7.3 Regulations to be observed
Sections 48 to 49a of the Administrative Procedure Act, Sections 23, 44 BHO and the General administrative regulations issued for this purpose, unless deviations from the general administrative regulations have been permitted in these funding guidelines. The Federal Audit Office is entitled to audit in accordance with Section 91 BHO.
8 period of validity
The term of this funding guideline is limited to the time when its state aid basis, the GBER plus an adjustment period of six months, expires, i.e. until June 30, 2021. If the application of the GBER is extended without any relevant changes to the content of the subsidy scheme, the duration of this funding guideline will be extended accordingly, but not beyond July 1, 2029. If the GBER is not extended and replaced by a new GBER, or if relevant changes to the content of the current GBER are made, a follow-up funding guideline corresponding to the exemption provisions then applicable will come into force by at least July 1, 2029.
Bonn, July 23, 2019
for education and research
Prof. Dr. Haak
The following state aid requirements apply to this funding guideline:
1 General eligibility requirements
The lawfulness of the aid is only given if, in accordance with Article 3 GBER, all the requirements of Chapter I GBER and the conditions of Chapter III applicable to the specific group of aid are met, and that, in accordance with the case law of the European courts, the national courts are obliged to do so are to order the repayment of unlawful aid.
With the application for funding within the framework of this funding guideline, the applicant undertakes to cooperate in compliance with the requirements of state aid law. For example, the information and documents requested by the donor as proof of creditworthiness and compliance with state aid law must be submitted or submitted at a later date.In addition, the applicant must participate in any proceedings (with) the European Commission and comply with all requirements of the Commission.
A prerequisite for the granting of state aid within the framework of an aid scheme exempted on the basis of the GBER is that it has an incentive effect according to Article 6 GBER: Aid is considered to be aid with an incentive effect if the beneficiary of the aid submits a written aid application before the start of the work for the project or activity in the Member State concerned. The grant application must contain at least the following information: name and size of the company, description of the project with details of the start and completion date, location of the project, the costs of the project, type of aid (e.g. grant, loan, guarantee, repayable Advance or capital injection) and the amount of public funding required for the project.
State aid based on the GBER will not be granted if there is a reason for exclusion according to Article 1 Paragraphs 2 to 5 GBER; This applies in particular if the company has not complied with a recovery order due to an earlier decision by the Commission to determine the inadmissibility of aid and its incompatibility with the internal market or the company is a "company in difficulty" (as defined in Article 2 (18) GBER) is.
In accordance with European law, each individual aid over 500,000 euros is published on a special website (see Article 9 GBER).
Funding received can be checked in individual cases by the European Commission in accordance with Article 12 GBER.
Within the framework of this funding guideline, state aid is granted in the form of grants in accordance with Article 5 Paragraph 1 and 2 GBER.
The GBER limits the granting of state aid for economic activities in the following areas to the following maximum amounts:
- Projects that mainly concern basic research: 40 million euros per company and project (Article 4 Paragraph 1 Letter i Item i GBER);
- Projects that mainly concern industrial research: 20 million euros per company and project (Article 4 (1) (i) (ii) GBER).
When checking whether these maximum amounts (registration thresholds) have been complied with, the cumulation rules according to Article 8 GBER must be observed. The maximum amounts must not be circumvented by artificially splitting up related projects. Partial approval up to the notification threshold for a notifiable aid is not permitted.
2 Scope / amount of the donations; Accumulation
The following provisions of the GBER apply to these funding guidelines, in particular with regard to eligible costs and aid intensities; The eligible costs and aid intensities listed below specify the maximum framework within which the granting of eligible costs and funding quotas for projects with economic activity can take place.
The funded part of the research project must be fully assigned to one or more of the following categories:
- Basic research,
- industrial research
(see Article 25 Paragraph 2 GBER; terms according to Article 2 No. 84 ff. GBER).
For the classification of research work into the categories of basic research and industrial research, reference is made to the relevant information in paragraph 75 and footnote 2 of the R & D & I Framework.
The eligible costs of the respective R&D project are to be assigned to the relevant R&D categories:
- Personnel costs: costs for researchers, technicians and other personnel, insofar as these are used for the project;
- Costs for instruments and equipment, insofar as and for as long as they are used for the project. If these instruments and equipment are not used for the entire life of the project, only the decrease in value determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles during the duration of the project is considered to be eligible;
- Costs for buildings and land, insofar and as long as they are used for the project. In the case of buildings, only the depreciation determined in accordance with the principles of proper bookkeeping during the duration of the project is considered to be eligible for aid. In the case of land, the costs of the economic transition or the capital costs actually incurred are eligible (Article 25 paragraph 3 letter c GBER);
- Costs for contract research, knowledge and for patents acquired directly or under license from third parties in compliance with the arm’s length principle, as well as costs for advice and equivalent services that are used exclusively for the project;
- Additional overheads and other operating costs (e.g. for material, supplies and the like) that arise directly from the project.
The aid intensity per beneficiary may not exceed the following rates (Article 25 (6) GBER):
a) 100% of the eligible costs for basic research,
b) 50% of the eligible costs for industrial research.
The aid intensities for industrial research can be increased to a maximum of 80% of the eligible costs as follows (Article 25 (6) GBER):
- by 10 percentage points for medium-sized companies;
- by 20 percentage points for small businesses;
- by 15 percentage points if one of the following conditions is met:
- the project includes effective cooperation
- between companies, at least one of which is an SME, or is carried out in at least two Member States or one Member State and a Contracting Party to the EEA Agreement, with no single company paying more than 70% of the eligible costs, or
- between a company and one or more research and knowledge dissemination organizations, which bear at least 10% of the eligible costs and have the right to publish their own research results;
- the results of the project are widely disseminated through conferences, publications, open access repositories or through royalty-free software or open source software.
- the project includes effective cooperation
The eligible costs are to be evidenced in accordance with Article 7 Paragraph 1 GBER by written documentation, which must be clear, specific and up-to-date.
For SMEs, costs for obtaining, validating and defending patents and other intangible assets are also eligible under Article 28 (1) and (2). According to Article 28 Paragraph 3 GBER, the aid intensity must not exceed 50% of the eligible costs.
For the calculation of the aid intensity and the eligible costs, the amounts before deduction of taxes and other charges are used.
When complying with the maximum allowable aid intensity, the cumulation rules in Article 8 GBER must be observed:
The accumulation of several grants for the same eligible costs / expenses is only permitted under the following rules or exceptions:
If Union funds that are centrally managed by Union agencies and are not directly or indirectly under the control of the Member States and therefore do not constitute state aid are combined with state aid (including funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds), In determining whether the notification thresholds and maximum aid intensities or amounts have been complied with, State aid only takes into account, provided that the total amount of public funds granted for the same eligible costs (including centrally managed Union funds) does not exceed the most favorable financing rate laid down in the relevant provisions of Union law.
Aid exempted under the GBER, for which the eligible costs can be determined, can be cumulated with a) other state aid, provided that these measures concern different identifiable eligible costs; (b) other State aid for the same, partially or fully overlapping eligible costs, but only if this cumulation does not exceed the maximum aid intensity or amount applicable to such aid under this Regulation.
Aid for which the eligible costs cannot be determined may be cumulated with other State aid for which the eligible costs cannot be determined, up to the relevant upper limit for the total financing, which is applicable in the individual case is set out in the GBER or in a decision of the European Commission.
State aid exempted under the GBER may not be cumulated with de minimis aid for the same eligible costs if this cumulation exceeds the aid intensities or maximum aid amounts set out in Chapter III GBER.
1 - R&D = research and development
2 - R & D & I = research, development and innovation
3 - https://foerderportal.bund.de/easy/easy_index.php?wahl=easy_formulare, area BMBF general forms and templates for reports.
4 - For the definition of economic activity, see point 17 of the R & D & I Framework.
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