What was Operation Eisenhammer

Mistletoe 3B - The leading machine ...


built by Christian Jakl (1:48)


A radical project was proposed by the RLM in early January 1945 - it was the so-called super long-range long-range reconnaissance project "Leadership Machine". The mistletoe concept was used here with a long-range destroyer Ju-88 H-4 and an FW 190-A8 as an escort fighter on top.

The Ju-88 H-4 was a development of the H-1, a long-range reconnaissance aircraft and the H-2, a destroyer, both of which were to be used in the Battle of Biscay 1943-44. The H-2 had a lot in common with the Ju-88 G-1, with BMW 801D engines, six MG151-20 cannons and external auxiliary tanks, it had a range of 5000 km and a speed of 550 km / h at 6000 m altitude. In addition, it had the FuG 200 Hohentwiel radar in the bow and was therefore suitable for protecting the German submarines returning from the Atlantic. In June 1943, 20 machines were ordered in addition to the prototypes currently under construction.

On November 2nd the first H-1 prototype flew and at the end of March 1944 five H-1s flew with the 3rd (F) / 123 with three in reserve - by July 1944 only two remained. Only one H-2 was completed by Junkers in Merseburg. The Ju-88 H-3 was supposed to be a reconnaissance aircraft equipped with FuG 200, but did not get beyond the project stage. The mistletoe 3B should consist of a FW-190 A-6 or A-8 on a Ju-88 H-4. The H-4 should have a SHI 3500D warhead with a fragment insert. 130 of these Mistletoe 3Bs were ordered, but there were difficulties with the explosive device production and the too short radius of action for "Operation Eisenhammer".

The "pathfinder" command machine, which was also used for iron hammer and other long-distance special missions, was a further development of the Mistel 3B. The Ju-88 H-4 kept its 3-man crew and two ETC 504s for two 900-liter drop containers. A MG 131 was installed in the rear cockpit. A Telefunken FuG 240 Berlin Radar was installed in the long, bulbous bow of the machine. In February 1945 the KG 200 ordered fifty of these combinations. In this combination, the hunter flew escort for the long-range reconnaissance aircraft and was not used to trigger the explosive device.
the model

In 1:48 there was previously only the manufacturer Paragon Design, which was dedicated to this project. Unfortunately this company no longer exists. Well - there are model builders who think that everything that was not really built and flown in the original is not worth standing at the table as a model - the so-called Luftwaffe '46 projects that were never realized because the war was already over and only now the drafts remained. But that doesn't quite apply to the Mistletoe 3B, because the Fw-190 A-8 with the double-rider wing tanks was built and also flown.

The project was already quite advanced - of course, it still wasn't finished. The construction of the model turned out to be not particularly difficult, as the conversion kit from Paragon Design contains only a few parts, but enough to represent a Mistletoe 3B. The curved nose, two fuselage extensions, the third landing gear including the wheel and some parts for the cockpit. The Ju 88 G-6 from Dragon can be used as the basis. The fuselage is separated in front of and behind the wings and the two resin parts are used for extension. Classic Publications supports the band "MISTEL - German Composite Aircraft and Operations 1942-1945".

The Focke Wulf Fw-190 is only decorated with the fuel tanks. This escort fighter with double rider tanks has been available as a complete plastic kit from Dragon since 2006. The rest was a matter of form and not much heavier than with other models. The camouflage painting can probably be assigned to the patterns of that time, only the identification numbers of the mistletoe 3B could not be determined. That's why I limited myself to the Focke Wulf, because there is at least a photo of the test version with the yellow ring on the bonnet.


The mistletoe was something special. Even if one or the other was not built, they all look good as models. Dragon goes ahead and brings many of these combinations to the market in 1:48. It would also be desirable to have kits of mistletoe that actually flew missions. Up to now, they could only be realized through conversions with the help of several kits.
Literature / References:

MISTEL - German Composite Aircraft and
Operations 1942-1945

by Robert Forsyth, Eddie J. Creek, Stephen Ransom
Classic Publications has been selling this book for a long time under the title "MISTEL - German Composite Aircraft and Operations 1942-1945". At 288 pages, this title contains everything you need to know to make a correct mistletoe. Countless original photos, projects, profile graphics, crack drawings, eyewitness reports and background information allow the reader to always find something new. With a clear conscience I can say that this book is the best of all the mistletoe publications that have ever existed. The authors have put everything together in detail from start to finish. When reading, you have the feeling that nothing has been left out.

Classic Publications, ISBN: 1-90322309-1
 about the builder   

Christian Jakl

  Born in Vienna in 1971, I now live in the middle of the mountains of Tyrol. I work in marketing and I deal with graphic design and layout. About ships, automobiles and jets in my youth I ended up with the aircraft models, with a focus on the German and Soviet Air Force. My favorite thing to do is build dioramas in 1:48, because I can make a lot of things myself and let my imagination run wild. Trying out new techniques and ways of combining kits with other products and working with different tools is my task - there is always something to learn.

It is not important to me whether one or the other detail is in the right place, the end result has to be right. If someone stands in front of one of my models and is enthusiastic, then I've done the job well. The only problem, and I probably won't be alone, is the time factor. I wish everyone a lot of fun with this site and would be happy to receive all kinds of reviews.
 E-mail: [email protected]   
This page: GALLERY: Mistel 3B - The guide machine (1:48) - built by Christian Jakl
was last modified on: 10/22/2006
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