What is typology in linguistics

Consonant combinations and linguistic typology

Typological studies pp 307-311 | Cite as

Part of the Schriften zur Linguistik book series (SCHL, volume 11)

Summary

The task of this essay is to examine the connection between the differences in the sound combinations and the general language typology. It is well known that the rules of sound combination are different in different languages, just compare Georgian mkvdrethi "Graveyard" or Hawaiian oeoe 'long neck'. The typology that we use in this essay is that which regards the languages ​​of the earth as a realization of five types of language (inflectional, agglutinating, isolating, polysynthetic, and introflexible) and seeing in each language a combination of the five types. The sound combination is of course also related to other phenomena, above all to the character of the phoneme inventory. We want to disregard these connections now.

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Remarks

  1. See V. Skalicka, Sur les polysynthetic languages, AO 23, 1955, pp. 10 ff. Google Scholar
  2. See W. v. Wartburg, Introduction to the problems and methodology of linguistics, Halle 1943, pp. 164 ff. Google Scholar
  3. J. Krámský, Fonologické využiti souhláskových fonémat (The phonological use of vowel phonemes), LS 4-6, 1946-8.Google Scholar
  4. V. Skalička, Typology slovanskych jazyků, zvlástě ruštiny (Typology of Slavic languages, especially Russian), ČR, 1958, p. 78 ff. Google Scholar
  5. A. V .. Isačenko, Attempt a typology of the Slavic languages, LS 1, 1939 to 40, pp. 64 ff. Google Scholar
  6. See e.g. B. J. N. Zavadovskij, Arabskije dialekty Magriba, Moskva 1962.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Braunschweig 1979

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