# Tally is used for data entry

## Teaching tally charts with storyboards

Information drives our society. Research studies promote consumer choices, social change, government policies, technological developments, and more. As educators, we have to prepare small minds for important data-driven futures. The tally chart is easy to use and understand. Therefore, it is an excellent choice for first-time researchers.

A tally chart is a simple means of recording small samples of categorical data in an organized manner. The information that is gathered in a tally chart is in **Categories** to **subdivide.** Depending on the facts you want, the categories could be your favorite ice cream flavors, the number of times you hear the word "cucumber" in a story, the number of holidays in each of the twelve months, or the size of your shoe. All kinds of information can be displayed in one overview!

Storyboard That makes it easy to create counting plans that can be used digitally or printed out and marked in class. Print your counting chart on a large-format poster for class-wide charts, or print it out on regular handout-sized paper for students to use individually or in groups as they complete an assignment.

**Creating counters next to a category is far more efficient than listing items as they are reported.**

### How do I create a tally chart?

Tally charts are very easy to create and very easy to use! First, divide the area you are working with into rows and columns. On one page or at the top, if desired, we list ours **Categories.** When you ask "Where do you like to read the most?" Ask, the categories are the answers or options for that question.

Leave enough space to record the data when you discover it. An additional column for frequency (number of instances of a given data value) is often added to make it easier to read after all of the information has been gathered. You will also hear tally charts that are called **Frequency tables are designated** .

### Ideas for tally chart data

- Eye color
- Hair color
- Favourite ______
- Number of times I _______
- Number of items that ______
- Distribution of girls / boys in a class or class
- The number of times a teacher says the word ______
- Frequency of choosing a particular marble color from a glass
- Number of vowels / consonants in a word, sentence or short paragraph
- Preference for leisure activities, excursions, group games during the break, etc.

Tally charts are useful research / data tools. However, they can also be helpful for keeping records throughout the day, making behavioral plans, making class or group decisions, or helping students participate in silly activities like

**Participate in sitting, standing or jumping**.

Students can obtain data through a survey by asking the same question (s) from different people or witnessing events over a period of time.

As you gather information, make line marks on your diagram. For each answer we mark a single vertical line, like a lowercase "L". When you reach the fifth data point, the notation changes slightly. Instead of continuing to use vertical lines, every fifth data point is a diagonal slash across four vertical line marks. It's a simple visual cue to see the data in groups of five. Have your students practice skipping to get grand totals for each category!

Students can count the counters one by one if necessary. However, skipping the count after 5 speeds up the process of finding the totals for each category. The introduction of jump counting by fives with counting plans shows the students a very practical use for the skill. Students should record the totals for each category in the counter in a separate frequency column.

Students are expected to be able to compare and answer questions about the frequency of data points. Many of these answers can be easily found by carefully counting or simply adding or subtracting them from the frequency table.

**Using the following example, have the students interpret the following questions with the given dates!**

- How much more people like basketball than tennis?
- Which category had the most?
- Which category had the least?
- How many people voted in total?

By using languages that students do not necessarily associate with math, students can see the value of gathering and analyzing information.

Below are some questions that will change the language used and require students **analyze the data in other ways.** Take inspiration from these questions to create your own one of a kind storyboard tally charts!

- Which ice cream flavor was the most popular?
- Did people prefer to play kickball or band aid in PE?
- If I buy colored paper for class, should I get lots of [unpopular] yellow?

### Proposed changes

The Counting Plan is the perfect tool for those struggling with literacy, needing to count quantities to recognize a number, or need help with information.

Modified tally charts could be used to aid students with language or writing difficulties. Use pictures to combine words (i.e. "dog" and the picture of a dog) or just use pictures or illustrations (red spot to indicate the "red" category). Stick figures don't require a lot of handwritten skill and can be made with pencil, colored pencil, fingerprint, strips of paper, objects, on paper, or in the sand!

Use Storyboard That to create and print a counter that students can use when interviewing or observing classmates. Students can create their own counting plans on Storyboard That to be used for printing for data collection or as an electronic assessment for student understanding.

**A tally chart is often the stepping stone between gathering information and displaying information on a graph. Prepare bar charts and other visual data displays using counting charts or a frequency table!**

### Related common core standards

- Math.Content.2.MD.D.10: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems1 using information presented in a bar graph.
- Math.Content.3.MD.B.3: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. For example, draw a bar graph in which each square in the bar graph might represent 5 pets.
- Math.Content.4.MD.B.4: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. For example, from a line plot find and interpret the difference in length between the longest and shortest specimens in an insect collection.
- Math.Content.5.MD.B.2: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. For example, given different measurements of liquid in identical beakers, find the amount of liquid each beaker would contain if the total amount in all the beakers were redistributed equally.

### Don't let the fun stop! Check out other ideas for math activity

- Use a storyboard to represent new math vocabulary.
- Create math infographics and posters to explain new concepts.
- Use Storyboard That to show word problems.
- Make a comic to explain how we use math every day.
- Add a presentation to any storyboard project.

### Data protection and security

Each version of Storyboard That has a different privacy and security model tailored to the expected usage.

### Free version

All storyboards are public and can be viewed and copied by anyone. They'll also show up in Google search results.

### Personal edition

The author can choose to keep the storyboard public or mark it as not listed. Storyboards that are not listed can be shared via a link, but otherwise remain hidden.

### Educational edition

All storyboards and images are private and secure. Teachers can view all of their students' storyboards, but students can only see their own. Nobody can see anything. Teachers can lower security if they want to allow sharing.

### Business edition

All storyboards are private and secure for the portal and use enterprise-class file security hosted by Microsoft Azure. Within the portal, all users can view and copy all storyboards. In addition, any storyboard can be "shared", whereby a private link to the storyboard can be released externally.

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