Welders get tired of their work
Professional welder: advantages and disadvantages of choice. Interview about profession: electric welder, why I chose the welding family profession
My job - welder
There are many professions in the world. Over time, with the introduction of new technological innovations, some of these professions become irrelevant and they are replaced by others. However, there is one such activity that never loses its relevance - this is a profession. It is difficult to imagine the modern world without multi-story houses and office buildings, and again, their construction is impossible without welding. The warmth and coziness of the local home is the work of the welder's hands. It is that - necessary and relevant - appears the profession of a specialist in welding the elements of metal structures, parts of pipelines and various parts of cars.
The welder is not just working on welding metals. It performs gas welding of parts and structures, which strictly observes the technological methods of welding, the rate of consumption of materials, the rules for the technical operation of equipment and safety devices. This is a specialist who is able to use modern innovative methods aimed at preventing the appearance of defects in the weld and controlling its level during welding. The reliability and durability of the workmanship, oil and gas pipes and building structures depend on the quality of Welter's work.
Significant changes have occurred in recent years, including the gradual modernization of production with re-equipment of production facilities and the introduction of new technologies. These changes cause an increase in the demand for qualified personnel. An example of the effective interaction of the sectoral production company and the educational institution in the field of training skilled workers is the cooperation between KAMAZ and KAMA Polytechnic College, named after L.B. Vasilyeva. Such an approach to the organization of industrial practice, since a close relationship with social partners to create conditions for the training of skilled workers, competent, competitive, contributes to the modern demands of employers, which is the main goal of an innovative educational program.
KAMAZ OJSC is a leading company in the market for the production of trucks of the Russian Federation, the CIS and far abroad. Presses and frame factory, where we have the production practice, is a subsidiary of Kamaz Ojsc and is in a single technological chain of Kamaz -Cars included. Different technologies are collected here and connected to one another here: metal cutting, punching, welding, painting. The production is equipped with universal and specialized equipment. Assembly and welding of cabins, as well as separate vehicles of the car, are carried out twelve automatic lines using contact and arc welding, as well as on several special electrode machines. Press conveyors and frame systems gradually fill new auxiliary manipulators. In the workshop of welding the cabin there is an act on which the roofs of the robots will be boiled in the near future.
KAMAZ today is the most modern high-precision equipment, advanced technologies, trucks that meet all international standards, and a high level of maintenance. And today it is for US students to have the most important priority, knowledge, skills and abilities in the management of complex mechanical and automated systems acquire.
Elena, 39 years old, Severodvinsk:
I have long been divorced with the father of my two children. We broke up even when I was working in the store. We paid a little there, and the schedule was uncomfortable: the kids from kindergarten didn't take it out of time. For the welder, the same working day clearly ended at the specified time, and the salary is around me. In addition, they gave good benefits. And I went to work as a welder. On my first vacation, we went to Sochi Sanatorium to Sochi Sanatorium, and seventy percent of the cost of the coupons paid for the factory.
I got a job with no difficulty. The welders were specially recruited in the facility. This profession is considered a man, but many women worked with me. Then they started cutting, removing from large workshops. Now in welding there are almost only men, and women are very responsible and attentive workers!
Parents weren't against my decision, it was even interesting for them: will it train or not? Aven in the year later my sister came into the plant. We graduated from the technical school in the specialty "welding production" and have not separated from this time. We work together in the factory, we go on business trips together.
First, I worked on manual welding, also known as black. We built the "Prirazlogo" oil platform. Then I didn't feel the difference in salary, got the same thing with men. Plus, in terms of work, I didn't lag behind.
Then it was translated into part of the welded titanium pipes. Women never worked there and the boss began to suppress us. The salary was lower, and for a long time we could not get higher relief. When the boss complained, the boss took his wife as an example. She worked at the front desk and received a penny. We have been told to be happy about what we have. But we wanted to prove that we weren't worse than men and worked almost twice as much.
Workers of my relief are cooked in places that are difficult to access. You need to cook through the mirror - otherwise you will not see the joint. Yes and both hands!
For me, after 10 years of working on this site, each started to be treated just as equals. Now I have a maximum layoff, and the salary is no different from men's salary. But now this money is unlikely to be big. I crawl out of the compartment through the wet passage, I get tired like a dog. It's just dangerous in the workplace. For example, you boil the pipe in the compartment, and in addition to the installation program screwed some devices that the mechanical saws above or below the level also sits the welding machine. More electricians pull the wire. Noise is terrible. There were even fatal cases. As soon as my colleague welder than he suffered when they cooked a submarine. It worked with argon, and it was very dangerous in an enclosed space.
The one who has long worked in welding for a long time, it is more difficult to pass a medical examination. New diseases appear, which is why the work may not allow. I have thyroid problems. I have already developed a harmful experience and retirement for 45 years. I'll be sitting in a room or a tech technologist.
I love my job. She is a bit creative and very responsible. The melting metal can't be the same: you have to give it the right shape, the roll behind the roller so that it turned out beautifully. For example, workers of my relief are cooked in places that are difficult to access. You need to cook through the mirror - otherwise you will not see the joint. Yes and both hands! And then your work goes through an x-ray. No flaws are unacceptable.
Now we are working on the engineering enterprise Sevmash. It's considered secret, and even the phone can't be put there. One guy was somehow photographed against the background of a submarine, he was arrested on the clock, looked at the pictures and fired. And in 2016 a documentary about our factory was removed. It is known as the "kings of the seas".
"It can pick up a crane to beat the current and you can fall from a height"
Olesya, 37 years old, Penza:
I come from Kazakhstan, started working for another 16 years: I didn't want to rely on my parents. First, he settled in a nurse in the hospital, then - a waitress in a cafe where my mother was a cook. Then she worked in the kitchen. At the same time he studied in evening school, graduated from 12 classes. In their database and entered the school. I had a choice: go to a gymnast or a welder. I chose the second - I love doing something out of the metal. Although now I am studying and thinking of Tokary.
I defended the diploma on perfect and received the fourth discharge - the highest that is possible to get a graduate. Then there was a practice in the factory where my stepfather worked as a welder. I found myself in his brigade. In a year she was defended by the fifth category and settled on the company. The salary there was very good, but then the employer went bankrupt. I had to fire.
In 2012 my family moved to Russia. Made it for children's sake: in Kazakhstan there are no interested parties, there is no way to get a decent education. I issued a temporary permit, started to work. Then the daughter turned 15 years old, her birth certificate was invalid here and we had to go. So far the new document has been released in Kazakhstan, we have not been able to return to my daughter. So my residence permit was over and now I have to go home every three months.
I do not have Russian citizenship. Of course, I really want to get because I'm not officially taking a job without it.
I have 25-29 thousand, men sometimes come to 36 thousand. I kind of asked the question: "Why so?" I was told, "Well, you are a woman"
I have been working for the company in Russia for more than a year, but unofficially. Here handled without any problems. I advised this vacancy with a friend I came to and they took me. Men always help me because the work is very hard. After all, we not only cook, but also manually pull the taps, flanges. Yes, and there are many dangers. Can pick up a crane to beat the current, but you can fall from height or get badly burned. If you sit on the gland for a long time, then your knees begin to hurt. Vision is spoiled. In winter, they often run the risk of catching inflammation. The medical examination is only those that are officially arranged. There are no benefits - only gifts for children for the New Year.
Salary, either don't say that great. I have 25-29 thousand, men sometimes come to 36 thousand. I kind of asked the question: "Why so?" I was told, "Well, you are a woman." As a result, it turns out I'm like a horse, but I get the money as a pony. It's very uncomfortable.
But I like my job, I don't wanna throw it. All in all, I've been in this job for 13 years. I love working with iron: in my free time I make metal roses, flower stalls. Another engraving riveted to the glass. Right, it doesn't happen often. I am very tired at work and even my husband and a year and a half ago. Now I have three children alone. The daughters are worried about me because I am very strenuous, both physically and morally. Masters and brigades are constantly shouting to adjust. We always have a lot of orders and we can't finish them on time: the bosses didn't buy the details on time. They mostly have quicker money in his pocket for orders, and there is no case in front of the workers. Before we were treated well, and now they don't care. But while my job is in demand, I am not fired.
Elena, 23 years old, Novokuznetsk:
After school I was faced with a choice: where else? To become a welder, I advise my grandmother: the salary is good, and experts are always in demand. I decided that if you don't like this, you can always be translated into another specialty. But after the first practical lesson, I didn't want to change anything.
I come from a small village myself, so my studies had to go to another city. The parents were concerned, of course, but they weren't against my choice. In the group only four girls studied with me, they are not engaged in welding. In practice, however, mentors were mostly women and even with vast experience. You taught me a lot.
I graduated from school in 2012 with a red diploma. By profession - an electric and gas welding machine of the 4th category. In the same year she moved to Novokuznetsk and went to get a job. In the interview, the authorities were very surprised, but I was taken: while practicing, while practicing, I was a little experience. Everything seemed to everyone that in six months I would go - I am afraid of trouble. However, I have not been releasing this job for 5 years.
Yes, at first they thought the girl could not work with men with men. But now nobody doubts me
Now in the workshop I work in, we repair pipelines - change damaged areas and shut-off valve malfunctions. This is done with the help of gas cutting and electric arc welding. First of all, the damaged area is cut, and another is converted into its place. We mainly work on the divorced, on the ground or in tunnels.
We have good relationships with colleagues. Experienced masters help and learn the intricacies of the profession, the sweat away. Yes, at first they thought the girl could not work with men with men. But now I have doubts, and I get the salary from it like my other welding colleagues.
I love my job and I don't see in your minuses. I like the welding process itself, I want to develop it. In 2015, I took part in the factory competition of electrogressive welding for up to 30 years and ranked first. There were both Russian competitions in Yekaterinburg. In the future I would like to master gas and argon welding.
"I cooked better than any boy"
Margarita, 20 years old, Moscow:
Welding my father and brother. Brother has no special education, but before he has a lot to cook. I often saw behind the father when he was cleaning a motorcycle. I was still little and didn't fully understand this job.
There were very few specialties in the school where I did. I chose the welder because it seemed better to me than the ventilator. The profession immediately fell in love. I had an experienced mentor - a master who was very good and explained clearly. He kind of suggested going to the competition: In his group, which I cooked better than any of the boys. I agreed. In the Russian competition, the girls were very few and they cooked badly. So I mostly went with guys. It didn't stop me: I went to the semifinals and went to Yaroslavl. It was second.
If you don't break the security technique, it just can't happen. I understood this from the first days of my studies
Now I work in the certification center for welders. I follow the fact that everyone who comes here follow the safety rules, help them, help them themselves. Mom is of course worried about me, but I don't see for this reason. If you don't break the security technique, it just can't happen. I understood this from the first days of my studies when we were just showing you how to cook. Here I also continue to learn, you have to master and understand a lot.
I'm not the only woman in my company, but the welder is one. Even so, men normally receive support, and we have the same salary. In the future I would like to continue learning and do advanced training. For this you need to know a lot of theory, score, pass exams. The boss wants to send me to university, but it will only be next year.
Of course, I've heard that the job is harmful. Over time, diseases of the lungs can develop, eyes develop, but it does not frighten me at all.
"I worked like a man and I paid 8 thousand"
Ellomira, 26 years old, omsk:
In my job I fell by accident. I was looking for work after school, I went to employment service, I saw an announcement of the set of welders.
My parents died, and at that time I was living with my brother. He said: "Your choice" - and did not oppose. By the way, our father was also a welder of the sixth, the highest, discharge.
At the end of the classes, mom helped me get a job. Even so, it was not easy for me to find a vacancy: women welders are skeptical. And although there was no repression from the head of oppression, some of my male colleagues are still trying to send me home - to clean and cook. They take into account the main job of a women builder and the husband.They are not uncommon for us to be able to combine home and work. That's ridiculous. In the fact that the girl can learn a difficult profession, and even surpass some men in it, believe units. However, I usually believe that there is no work of the "Nezhenskaya" and "Nezeno". There is hard work and there is light.
In my work there are many people for whom a woman is something like a slave. Consider very very few
I worked in several places, and somewhere my salary was really different from men's. For example, in one of the plants, I paid 8 thousand as a Welder student. But then I've already worked as much as a man with experience. At the same time cooked my colleague who simply cooked samples and received 11 thousand. In my work there are many people for whom a woman is something like a slave. Otherwise, mention yourself to very few.
Still, I like my job, I can't even call a few minuses. Of course, we are not always safe at work. There were emergencies, but not for my fault. Every time, luckily, it did it without sacrifice. I want to keep improving, it's getting better. The plans to get a discharge higher and determine the certification of the national welding control agency.
By the way, we met my husband at work. We've been together for about two years and six months. He himself is an installer that applies very well to my job too. Sometimes it happens that I even teach him something.
Sergey Andreev decided that once he decided to tie his life to the metal, and 8 years it does not age with the welding machine.
- Tell us how you chose a welder?
My father is a welder. He gave the plant for 28 years. I was very interested in seeing his work. Sometimes my father would take me to the garage with him. When I was little he showed me how the metal melts, knew what and how to do. I even put my mask on. But I did not give myself the tool in my hands, yes for some reason I was afraid that it was afraid. Sparks, electricity. It was fascinating and scary. It turned out that I later went to work at VRZ, but already a carpenter. Then the times were tough and I had to get out of there. So I came to Dormash. As soon as I was sent on a business trip, it was there that I took in the hands of a welding tool for the first time. I tried, interested, learned, so everything went.
- Where did you get the job of welder?
I focused on the welder's courses. In addition, I had to look forward to this in the "Professional" training center. It was back in 2007.
- Which disciplines had to lead to admission?
I have not given any items for entering courses. Just came back with a great desire to learn. Various disciplines were taught that could be useful in the future in the profession: materials science, convention, welding, safety, etc. All you need for primary skills. Then at the end, pass a comprehensive review. Incidentally, about thirty people were engaged with me, including two girls.
- And what was the most difficult thing in training?
With all subjects, the mark was original, so I cannot say that I was given the study with difficulty. It was harder with chemistry - it's still from school. And so nothing complicated, at least I already knew a lot.
- Do you remember your first day at work?
Yes I remember. He was honest, a little crazy. It seems to be able to cook, and all some nuances were opened each time. I got used to a week: I looked at the team and they too. I was afraid to bring along.
- Have you ever thought of changing your job?
No, there has never been such a thought. I seem to have a character, apparently, kind of trying since childhood, parents who grew up like that. I am stubborn. I think once I get started you need to get results.
- What nuances are there in your work?
I love when there's a pile of scrap metal in front of me, there are certain drawings, and they're made up of all of that, for example a square design. But this cube has its own difficulty: when you brew it, the metal begins to heat up. The temperature reaches up to three thousand degrees. Therefore, the design can be distorted. You have to adhere to certain technologies to ensure that this does not happen.
- Some of your friends engaged in welding work?
When I went on a business trip I was still a carpenter, my welder was with me. And I kind of asked him to give me to try to gorge. The father basically showed that everything was done, but it wasn't there. My friend was probably explaining to me what to say about the job at the moment. What I have dedicated myself to in this case is also due to him. When I became a brigadier and I called that friend, my friend. So we're still working together.
- What are the advantages of your job?
You shouldn't be left with such a job without butter (laughs). If you are a good specialist, you and your family can be made available. There are many varieties in welding: manual arc, gas, mechanized, impulse can be performed for a long time. Each one requires your approach, you have to put in certain efforts and skills. Although everyone cannot be left immediately, it is simply impossible. This is an unlimited field for experimentation. You can go further and know everyone. In this profession there is no peak of skill, you are constantly learning new things, you are improving.
- What is the most difficult thing in this job?
For me, the hardest part is getting certification. It's not even difficult here, but more exciting. You know you know how to understand how everything is done, but you can't handle the excitement. And in the depths of the soul you think, "What if it doesn't work?"
- Tell us more about the certification
Many self-esteem organizations are now sending their welders for certification. It is necessary that you can cook complex metal structures. I just keep going. For example, you will not put a person on the gas pipeline who cooked the beds beforehand. Certification determines whether a person can take on complex projects. A welder who received certification then puts his stamp on the product. In the case of poorly introduced work, you can define the artist immediately. Certification is responsible for itself.
- You have a lot of experience. Tell me, is it young people who are starting to learn how to weld?
You can work with a welder and you need to, but at the same time you need to have strong nerves and most importantly, be stubborn.
The modern world is entirely based on metal. Without it, it is impossible to build tall buildings, cars, ships. Metal is used everywhere: in everyday life, in industry, in construction. Therefore, a metal specialist who joins metal parts in complex structures using electric welding is always required. The welder - the profession is the responsible, almost virtuoso, from the quality, on which much depends on the durability and sustainability of the building structures, the work and the service life of various techniques.
The time of the appearance of the profession of welder can be considered 1802, when V. Petrov discovered the effect of an electric arc, when the appearance between two carbon electrodes, a high temperature is created. This temperature is so high that molten metals are possible. A considerable period of time has passed since this opening and its industrial use. However, after a decade, the process of combining metals by an electric arc method created a revolution in various industries, constructions, and has become a massive technology of joining materials. ...
Welding work is used in many industries. Welders work on construction sites, create structures and systems of various communication in industry, using their experience and skills in mechanical engineering, shipbuilding and other areas such as energy, refineries, agriculture. It is difficult to find such a production segment where the work of the welder would not be applied.
A welder as a profession is divided into several specializations: a welder of manual arc welding, a gas welding machine, an operator of automatic welding machines. The workers of all these specialties are involved in one business - a connection of metal structures, complex devices, parts, nodes by the process of fusing metals. The quality of the welds depends on the skill of the welders. Any mistakes, negligence put into operation can lead to catastrophic consequences. It's terrible to think about why poor quality welding oil or gas lines could result. The welder - a professional should know electrical engineering, metal melting technology, the properties of gases used for antioxidation, procedures and principles of operation of used aggregates and equipment. Safety and industry analysis is of great importance.
The advantages of the profession include prestige and high demand in the labor market, both in the public sector of the economy and in private. Young professionals who have just graduated from school do not work for a long time in order not to search - she will find them. Welders with no experience are eagerly engaged in residential and community services in the private organization of the service area. With the acquisition of experience, they will be entrusted with more responsible affairs and work in industry, construction projects. The salary increases accordingly.
The disadvantages of the profession are the difficult working conditions, working on open construction sites for any weather, a large visual load due to the high brightness of the electric arc, infrared and ultraviolet radiation. Electric welders belong to the occupations of the "hot workshop" due to the high harmful power of production due to the large allocation of gases and heat during the welding work.
It is possible to learn the profession of welder in vocational schools, universities. The training takes place for 3 years on the basis of the Nurren 9 and 2 years on the basis of 11 classes in the specialties "Welder with electrical welding and gas welding work" and "The adjuster of welding and gas lamps".
I dream of becoming a welder. This is very interesting and necessary for human work.
As you walk the city streets, you can see the construction site as it is at the construction site, then the blue light light flashes. After meeting her in the yard, we immediately turn away: too bright, pain looks.
My uncle Kolya is a welder. I like to see his work. Uncle Kolya puts on a tarp costume, mittens, face closes the mask with black stools. He will turn the crane, chirknet with a match - and score a stream of blue flame from the burner. I also noticed two rubber hoses stretching toward the cylinders and compressed gas in them. In one - acetylene in another oxygen. When working, jets of gas are mixed and the flame becomes such that any metal is easy to melt. When you need to connect the steel sheets to the ring on the ring, it moves to move them, to plan with each other and to draw a burner. The blinding flame smells of steel, and two leaves become one of the whole. With a whistle that burns oxygen from the burner, the metal glows and the sparks roll. Minut, others - and the iron pipe is cut in half. Another uncle can work with electric welding. He explained to me that this is a real zipper, just obediently.
Where only you don't have to work as a welder! They help weld bridges, ships, power plants, cars. Everywhere steel pipes from gas lines connect with each other with a welding master. And the gas flows on pipelines in town and villages, and we prepare food on blue fires.
I hope my dream will come true and there will be a Welter dynasty in our family.
I dream of becoming a welder. This is very interesting and necessary for human work. As you walk the city streets, you can see the construction site as it is at the construction site, then the blue light light flashes. After meeting her in the yard, we immediately turn away: too bright, pain looks. My uncle Kolya is a welder. I like to see his work. Uncle Kolya puts on a tarp costume, mittens, face closes the mask with black stools. He will turn the crane, chirknet with a match - and score a stream of blue flame from the burner. I also noticed two rubber hoses stretching toward the cylinders and compressed gas in them. In one - acetylene in another oxygen. When working, jets of gas are mixed and the flame becomes such that any metal is easy to melt. When you need to connect the steel sheets to the ring on the ring, it moves to move them, to plan with each other and to draw a burner. The blinding flame smells of steel, and two leaves become one of the whole. With a whistle that burns oxygen from the burner, the metal glows and the sparks roll. Minut, others - and the iron pipe is cut in half. Another uncle can work with electric welding. He explained to me that this is a real zipper, just obediently. Where only you don't have to work as a welder! They help weld bridges, ships, power plants, cars. Everywhere steel pipes from gas lines connect with each other with a welding master. And the gas flows on pipelines in town and villages, and we prepare food on blue fires. I hope my dream will come true and there will be a Welter dynasty in our family. (226 words)
From the earliest childhood, we dream of becoming adults, make a family, go to work every day, like our parents. But childhood goes by and the time comes in earnest: "Who do I want to be?"
I wonder how other children have been for five years. Then after watching the Brazilian TV shows, I only dreamed of being an actress. But this is just a childhood dream.
Now I know for sure that the job of journalist is my calling. I decided to become a journalist two years ago. What attracts me, attracts this profession? First of all, it's interesting and creative. After all, it is just great when you wake up in the morning not knowing where you are being broadcast, in what hot point of sensational events you fall, with whom to communicate, in whose fate you will participate! There is a mystery in this work.
I dream to have my youth magazine. I know teenagers have a lot of problems. Often these problems have a great impact on their character, attitudes, personal life. Because of some conflicts or failures, they don't think about school, relatives, or their future. They take care of this problem. And teenagers choose the "only real choice": they start drinking, smoking, using drugs, trying to commit suicide. And my magazine helps such guys help find a really true solution. In addition, I would like to help the girls with his advice to create a personal life under the heading "SOS", for this I should get the training of a psychologist. This thought came to my mind for a long time as my friends often turn to me for help. I read books on practical psychology and I find answers to many questions that help me in life. So I want my advice to help the girls solve their problems because it often happens that someone else can more easily pour the soul than very close.
I also want in my magazine photos of girls. Not fashion model, but ordinary girl. After all, everyone in their souls dreams dreams on the covers of fashion magazines. Why not help?
I think that in the work of journalist I am attracted to communication with people. After all, I will recognize them more and more every day in order to share in their fate, if only they have entrusted it to their story.
In my opinion, the journalist is the most interesting job. Interesting and very responsible. When I feel like I have to do something useful for people, I understand that I need someone, which means that I am not living in vain!
I will write about the teacher if you want.
I want to be the best chorus because I like medicine.As a kid, I loved playing the "hospital". My role is a doctor. And the rest are patients. As soon as I had to offer first aid. My friend fell on the ostellite and damaged the knee. Without thinking twice, I brought a friend home. I rinsed with warm water wound, handled his hydrogen peroxide, then left bandages. When parents came home, they saw and admired me. Someone is afraid of the blood, someone just doesn't want to help others, but I love people to help and I sincerely believe that my help will matter to people. 2 ok ok \ u003d)
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